Plants can be multiplied in various ways: by seeds, cuttings or by grafting . The latter is the most used in fruit trees, since it allows for more resistant specimens to different pests and diseases, in addition to certain environmental conditions.
It is not as difficult as it might seem, and it will seem even less so after reading this article. On this occasion, we are going to talk about bud grafting or escutcheon grafting , which is the one that is carried out from spring to autumn on trees and on some shrubs such as rose bushes.
- 1 What is the best time to do it?
- 2 How is it done?
What is the best time to do it?
Although it can be done at any time from spring to the end of autumn, the truth is that there are some plants for which it is more advisable to do it at certain times of the year, which are:
- Citrus trees (orange, lemon, grapefruit, etc.): these trees should be grafted just at the end of winter, when the risk of frost has passed and temperatures begin to rise.
- Rosales: it is also recommended to do it at the beginning of spring.
The rest of the woody plants can be grafted at any time, except in winter.
How is it done?
To make bud grafts, you must follow this step by step:
- The first thing you have to do is make a vertical cut of about 3cm and then another horizontal one on the pattern , which must measure at least 5cm in diameter.
- You have to remove the bud from the variety you want to graft (see image above). If you have a sheet, take it off to reduce perspiration.
- Next, you have to remove the bark from the rootstock with a knife, and insert the bud inside the cut so that the two cambiums come into contact.
- Finally, you must tie the graft with raffia , letting the piece of petiole and the bud peek out a little.
After 20 days you can remove the rope. Easy, right?