Eager to renovate the garden and plant new specimens? If you have several cuttings and you want to reproduce them, pay attention to this post because today we are dealing with one of the many methods of propagation by cuttings .
In this case, it is about the reproduction of woody cuttings , that is, those cuttings that are of a hard wood and with rigid stems. Unlike other types of cuttings, these need some particular care that you may want to know about.
- 1 Woody cuttings
- 2 Plant the cuttings
In addition to their rigidity, the main characteristic of woody cuttings is that after being cut at the end of autumn or when winter begins, they form a callus at the end that helps root production. On the other hand, these are resistant cuttings, which is a good quality as they will better withstand diseases, cold and dry conditions.
You can find three types of woody cuttings :
Straight cutting or horizontal cutting : This is the most popular cutting and is used on deciduous trees and shrubs. They are achieved by making a horizontal basal cut and an apical bias or bevel cut.
Mallet or cane cuttings: these are cuttings that are cut together with a small portion of the branch between 1-2.5cm. This type of cuttings is used for certain conifers such as junipers or junipers.
Cutting in heel : They are used in some conifers and these are cuttings that are obtained by making a cut in the bark at the base of the cutting.
plant the cuttings
Once the woody cuttings have been obtained, let’s see how the planting process is.
The first thing to do is gather the cuttings that are 1 or 2 cm thick in diameter and make a horizontal cut just 1 cm below a node. Then it is time to remove the apical softwood always cutting on the bias or bevel above a knot.
The last step in preparing the cuttings is to treat the bases of the stems with rooting hormone, as this will help the cutting to “take hold”.
Before placing the woody cuttings, you must prepare a germination area made up of coarse sand substrate or use coarse sand and perlite. Then you have to make small holes and insert the cuttings to finally cover them well with the substrate, leaving the area compact and without weaknesses.
One of the keys to success is irrigation as woody cuttings need constant moisture . That is why irrigation is very important. In addition, they must be protected from the sun.
After a month from the start of the process you will see that the strongest cuttings begin to develop new plants. Then remove the weakest cuttings and transplant the new plants to their final place in the fall or spring.