Carrot: types and growing tips

The carrot is one of the vegetables that makes the most presence in our recipes and we are talking about a very versatile ingredient and at the same time it is full of a great number of benefits . Currently we can find a wide variety of carrots, however they are not so easy to find because the most abundant are orange carrots, being the ones with an extensive production.

In Western countries, the carrot that has remained is the one of Dutch origin , the one that we all know has an orange color. However, the carrots that originate in Eastern countries and that we can sometimes find in the markets, are purple, yellow or can even be white.

Index

  • 1 Types of carrots
    • 1.1 Danvers
    • 1.2 Empire
    • 1.3 Nantes
    • 1.4 Flake
    • 1.5 Round
    • 1.6 Chantenay
  • 2 How to grow carrots in a pot?
  • 3 Pests and diseases that affect carrots
    • 3.1 Carrot fly Psiliarosae
    • 3.2 Aphids
    • 3.3 Gray worms
    • 3.4 Wireworms
    • 3.5 Leaf scorch
    • 3.6 Mildew
    • 3.7 Powdery mildew

types of carrots

Carrots can be of different types , but this depends on where they are grown or also on the time they are harvested. Of the most common for food consumption we can mention the following.

Danvers

This is a variety of carrots that is distinguished by its size , since it is medium-long, has a wide neck and is usually pointed.

emperor

These carrots usually exceed 20 centimeters in length , have a fairly intense orange color and a somewhat sweet flavor, this is the type of carrot that is most found in the markets.

Nantes

These on the other hand have a shape similar to a cylinder . The dimensions of this type of carrots are approximately 15 to 20 centimeters and are usually about 3 cm thick.

The sale of these in particular is carried out in the countries of Europe and at the same time we can find more varieties within this classification.

flakee

This is a large variation that has a length of about 25 cm and unlike the first ones, these have a soft orange color. It is used both to consume them fresh as well as to make conserve or frozen foods.

carrots of different sizes

round

As the name suggests, these carrots are round in shape and about the size of a golf ball. These are used for gourmet cooking, but also for the frozen and canned goods industry.

Chantenay

These are very similar to Nantes carrots, they only differ in their size, which is approximately 12 and 15 cm. The color of these is orange but close to the leaves they have a shade of purple and green .

How to grow carrots in a pot?

grow carrots in a pot

The carrot is a vegetable that can be sown throughout the year , preferably in the spring season, between the months of February and May.

For this we only have to sow the seeds approximately 1 or 2 cm deep in the ground , taking into account that each of the plants needs about 10 cm of space. Besides, we cannot transplant these, therefore it is not convenient for us to change their place and place them in another pot.

At the moment that the seed begins to grow , we have to leave only the ones with the greatest strength, eliminating all the others. Finally, to collect them, it has to be at 3 or 4 months.

Carrots have the ability to withstand all types of weather and their color depends a lot on it. In very hot climates these have a lighter tone , are usually longer and thinner, unlike cold climates that turn yellowish and are a little shorter. The land in which we must sow it has to be light and sandy, capable of retaining water and with this you will have realized that it is quite a demanding vegetable.

As for lighting, in the summer it should be in a place that does not have too much shade, since in this way we can prevent moisture from being lost .

Pests and diseases that affect carrots

Pests and diseases that affect carrots

Carrot fly Psiliarosae

This is the larva that causes the main damage, being a parasite that can cause quite significant damage . These penetrate the root forming places where they practice winding galleries, especially on the outside, which will then cause the carrot to rot.

aphids

These feed on the carrot by biting the epidermis, causing large curls in the leaves and causing them to turn yellow. On certain occasions, the roots end up damaged by aphids , being very easy to recognize due to their white and woolly appearance.

gray worms

These are insects that belong to the Nuctid family of the genus Agrotis. These caterpillars consume the upper parts of the plant at night , while during the day they are found on the ground or under dry leaves.

wire worms

These attack the carrot roots causing galleries that often cause them to rot. In certain countries, this is a pest that has become one of the most important.

leaf scorch

This initially gives the sensation of being like small brown spots , yellow halos and others scattered along the edges of the leaves.

When the number of spots increases, the death of the intermediate tissues is caused, therefore, the plant has an appearance burned by the sun or by a treatment that has not been correct.

Mildew

This is a disease caused by certain fungi that belong to the group of oomycetes, which usually occur in a large number of different vegetables, taking rainwater or irrigation as a means of transmission.

This usually appears as brown spots or a powder that is very similar to ash and has a greasy appearance on the upper surface of the plant’s leaves , causing them to suffocate until they dry out.

powdery mildew

This is a fungus that appears as a white or ash-like powder that is quite common on leaves, shoots and also on fruits. The two fungi that may be responsible for powdery mildew on carrots are Erysipheumbelliferarum and Laveillulataurica .

Carrot: types and growing tips

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