Apple tree: characteristics, care and varieties

Plants are important elements in the life of every organism that inhabits the earth, something that is easily explained by the amount of contributions and resources that they give us.

The life of plants is equivalent to the life of many of us who live on earth today and that is that the moderately pure air that we can still breathe is proof of this, even likewise, much of the food that we have , like the fruits of the apple tree, can also illustrate this idea in a more concrete way.

apple tree care

For that many people have dedicated a large part of their lives to plants, through both the study and the maintenance of these. Even the animals themselves, trained or not, know the importance of their lives, which is why it is possible to observe how many species usually have behaviors that manage to protect and preserve the life of these organisms.

The area of ​​medicine is perhaps one of the most benefited within everything that we are commenting on and that is that many of the products that are used today to give rise to the solutions that are applied in response to many diseases, are extracted from all kinds of plants, some of them possessing useful and vital nutrients for their development.

Among the many plants, trees and shrubs that exist, in this article we will talk about the apple tree, a tree that allows certain derivations to be made from its mere name.

We will provide you with information about its characteristics, its care and its pruning , offering the user all the elements that he needs to have a better notion of the implications when it comes to having an apple tree, so we will start with some basic information about this plant .

Index

  • 1 Characteristics of the apple tree
  • 2 Apple tree diseases
  • 3 Varieties of the apple tree
    • 3.1 Granny group
    • 3.2 Fuji Group
    • 3.3 Group Galas
    • 3.4 Golden Group
    • 3.5 American Red Group
  • 4 The pruning of the apple tree

Characteristics of the apple tree

It is a tree of a considerably high height and about 10-12 meters. It is a deciduous tree, unarmed with open branching and a cup, with a set of branches that make up a large part of its body. The leaves of this plant are petiolate, oval in shape , with a more or less rounded base and the edges of this are green. Like many plants, the leaves of these usually give off a pleasant aroma when crushed.

Its flowers can be somewhat sensitive to strong frosts that precede spring, so it is advisable to condition this tree to methods that protect it against hostile temperatures, anti-frost irrigation being one of the most typical.

Despite this, the apple tree can deal with temperatures as low as -10 degrees Celsius , which, despite being able to withstand, can cost it some flower buds. For its growth, the minimum temperature is seven degrees centigrade, the maximum being about 35 degrees, with an ideal range for its growth , which consists of 18 and 24 degrees centigrade.

apple tree diseases

Characteristics of the apple tree

The apple tree is prone to a large number of diseases, therefore, we are going to present you here the most frequent, which are usually explained by the presence or invasion of a bacterium or fungus, followed by the plague of some insects and among the best known, we have the following:

  • Fire blight disease.
  • aphids
  • Mildew

apple tree varieties

We know the apple tree, but we do not know the fruits that this tree offers, avoiding the fact of the distinction that exists between its fruits. Here we present some of the variations that occur in this fruit .

granny group

Within its aspect to highlight, we can talk about its green skin and its acid color and among the most popular, we have the Granny Smith, equally acid and with a very particular green tone, however, its acidity and color should not confuse us. , since they are considered exotic fruits.

fuji group

Its color is dull red, which leans towards the darkest red, however, its flavor is still the most pleasant and its conservation and hardness are not far behind either. Among the many varieties, most of these belong to the Fuji group.

Gala Group

Here we can find a variety of colors, which range between red and yellow, although it must be said that red apples are predominant , which is why they end up replacing the other types, however, we remember that their appearance It does not have to condition its flavor and, in this sense, its quality, being able to highlight the Mondial Gala, Galaxia, Royal, Buckeye, etc.

golden group

As its name indicates, its skin is yellow, here we can find variations such as Golden supreme, Golden delicious, Golden smoothie , etc., these being one of the most difficult to find on the market due to its appearance, something that makes one of the most exotic and sought after by the public itself.

American Red Group

Here the color consists of a very interesting pigmented red color, among the best known, we have the Starking Delicious, however, this species is practically extinct.

apple tree pruning

apple tree pruning

Pruning is important, especially when the apple tree is in its young stage , and this is done when there is a need to remove branches infested with insects, diseased or, in any case, dead.

When it reaches its adult stage, it is recommended to prune them no more than once a year , which will be enough for it to receive prudent levels of solar projection, as well as a good passage of air through it.

The apple tree is a very familiar tree and this is due to its fruit in particular, which is used throughout the world for various purposes, most of these gastronomic, although sometimes inclined to the area of ​​cosmetics or others. Its characteristics are not the most particular , however, this is no reason to say that this tree is not unique in its kind, many of today’s potential fruit consumers appeal to this class of organisms, since despite its simplicity, the apple tree variety is one of the most peculiar in the world, being the rarest types and increasingly important and requested by the public.

Apple tree: characteristics, care and varieties

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