Great nutritional qualities has the chickpea and that is why we thought of growing it in the garden. You can design many dishes with this healthy product, from stews and salads to the famous hummus, the chickpea paste native to the Middle East.
For, grow chickpeas You have to have a little space in the garden and know some generalities of the crop because then you can offer everything that this plant needs.
The scientific name of chickpea is Chickpea Arietinebelongs to the family Fabaceae and is native to southwestern Turkey although later it expanded to other latitudes. Some 40 species of chickpea are known although, in general terms, we are talking about a plant that can reach a height of 60 cm and whose main parts are the roots, the stem, the leaves, the flowers and the fruits.
To cultivate chickpeas, it is improved by a siliceous-clay or silty-clay soil in addition to airy and deep but not very saline. The depth is due to the fact that the roots develop a lot.
The chickpea is resistant to drought and that is why it can survive only with rainwater although the best is a mild risk to give rise to a greater number of pods. Regarding the climate, the plant can germinate from 10ºC although the ideal temperature for the birth of the first shoots ranges between 25-35ºC.
To help the plant, it is recommended to remove the weeds and avoid cultivating in the same field several times until at least four years have passed.
Plagues and diseases
Our main pests that affect chickpea are chickpea fly, weevil, mining flies and plusia orichalcea while the most common diseases include chickpea rabies and fusariumconditions that are produced by various fungi that attack the plant and cause round spots in the first case and brown spots on the neck of the plant, in the second case.