Mastering the bonsai technique is a job full of achievements, but also of failures. When a person decides to buy a small tree that is being grown in a tray, they have to know that always, whether they have previous experience or not, problems can arise.
To avoid them, it is important choose those species that are resistant and that can live well in our area Because that will be the most suitable type of bonsai for beginners and the one that will surely make us want to know more about this world. And these are just a few examples.
Acer rubrum bonsai (red maple)
If you are in an area where it is very hot in summer (maximum temperature of 38ºC) and you want to have a maple bonsai, I recommend the Acerwhich is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America that turns red during the fall season. It is not complicated, but should be grown outdoors in semi-shade or avoiding the central hours of the day so that it “does not burn.”
Maple watering has to be frequent, especially if you use akadama or similar substrates. Withstands cold and frost up to -8ºC.
Olea europaea bonsai (olive tree)
The olive tree is an evergreen tree that grows in the Mediterranean region. It is very resistant to droughtand with it you can learn a lot as it adapts to several different styles: forest, formal upright, windswept. He likes the sun and a land that drains welllike the aforementioned akadama; although you can use universal growing medium mixed with 30% perlite.
Its ideal temperature range is between -7ºC minimum and 40ºC maximum.
Fig benjamina bonsai
The Benjamin fig tree and, in fact, all Ficus, are very used plants for bonsai. The f. Benjamin It is especially recommended for beginners as it has the smallest leaves and it is easier to work. It must be placed in a sunny exposure, although it can also be in semi-shade if it receives more light than shade.
The only “negative” is that it does not withstand drought but neither waterlogging, so you have to water three or four times a week in summer and every 2 or 3 days the rest of the year. Supports from -6ºC to 38ºC.
bonsai elm (elm)
The elm, like the Zelkova, is a very resistant deciduous tree: withstands drought, heals pruning wounds well and grows fairly quickly. Also, having the tiny leaves makes it very, very easy to work with. You just have to place it in an area where it is exposed to direct sun, a substrate that drains well and give it three or four weekly irrigations in summer and two or three the rest of the year.
Withstands cold and frost up to -17ºCand high temperatures of up to 38ºC.
What do you think of these bonsai?