10 aromatic plants for gardens that are very easy to care for and their uses

There are many aromatic plants for gardens that, in addition to being beautiful and easy to care for, will help us control pests, thus being able to avoid spending money on phytosanitary treatments. What are they called?

The truth is that these plants are the most common, something that is undoubtedly a great point in favor, since that means that they can be found for sale almost anywhere and at low prices. Know them

List of 10 aromatic plants for garden

Basil

Potted basil

It is a perennial herb grown as an annual in cold-temperate climates native to the tropical regions of Asia whose scientific name is Ocimum basilicumGrows between 30 and 130 centimeters in height, and produces oval or ovate leaves of lustrous green color. It produces flowers in terminal spikes, white or purplish.

Uses

  • Culinary: its leaves are consumed fresh or dried in salads, vegetable soups, and in sauces that accompany pasta dishes.
  • Medicinal: does not have. In fact, its consumption is discouraged for pregnant women or those who want to have children, since basil essential oil contains estragole, a powerful slow-acting carcinogen. Experts have not yet been able to establish a safe limit for exposure to this toxin, but as always, prevention is better than cure.
  • In gardening: repels flies and mosquitoes.

Savory

Savory is a very easy plant to care for

Image – Wikimedia / Niccolò Caranti

It is a perennial herb native to the temperate and warm regions of southern Europe whose scientific name is Montana saturation. Grows up to 50 centimeters tall, and produces opposite, oval-lanceolate and green leaves. It blooms in spring, developing white inflorescences.

Uses

  • Culinary: the leaves are used as an accompaniment to legumes and meats.
  • Medicinal: has stimulating and aphrodisiac properties.
  • In gardening: repels mosquitoes.
  • .Savory is a very easy plant to care for

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Savory (Satureja montana)

Chive

View of the leaves and flowers of the chives

It is a bulbous plant native to the temperate-cold regions of the northern hemisphere. It belongs to the genus Allium, grows to 40-50 centimeters, and develops very thin, linear, green leaves, and flowers grouped in pink inflorescences in spring-summer.

Uses

  • Culinary: the chopped leaves are used as ingredients in salads, baked potatoes, soups, tortillas and even sandwiches.
  • Medicinal: prevents constipation, improves digestion, reduces cholesterol, helps fight cancer and strengthens the skeleton.
  • In gardening: repels carrot flies, aphids and beetles.

Peppermint

Leaves of the peppermint plant

It is a herbaceous plant native to Europe whose scientific name is mentha spicataGrows up to 30 centimeters tall, with lanceolate and glabrous green leaves. Its flowers appear in pink or white inflorescences during spring.

Uses

  • Culinary: the leaves are used to dress salads, soups and meats, as well as to make cocktails, and to flavor dishes such as stew.
  • Medicinal: its infused leaves are used to improve digestion, and relieves dizziness.
  • In gardening: repels cabbage aphids and mice.
  • Peppermint grows well in a pot

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Lemon verbena

Lemon verbena

It is an evergreen shrub native to South America whose scientific name is Aloysia citrodoraIt grows up to three meters in height, with lanceolate green leaves, and produces whitish or pink flowers in spring.

Uses

  • Culinary: the dried and chopped leaves in marinades, and sauces.
  • Medicinal: the leaves in infusion are used as digestive, carminative and antispasmodic.
  • In gardening: repels mosquitoes above all, but also fleas and ticks.
  • .

Marjoram

Marjoram, an aromatic plant that is easy to grow

It is a lively herbaceous plant native to the eastern Mediterranean whose scientific name is origanum majoranaGrows between 20 and 40 centimeters in height, with leaves ovate, opposite, green, and produces very tight inflorescences of whitish color.

Uses

  • Culinary– Used as a condiment, alone or in combination with other herbs, and as a topping for cheeses, Italian sauces, and sausages.
  • Medicinal– Used to treat and relieve colic and diarrhea.
  • In gardening: effective as a repellent for insects, such as mosquitoes, aphids, and ants.

.Marjoram, an aromatic plant that is easy to grow

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Oregano

Oregano grows very fast

It is a perennial plant native to Eurasia and the Mediterranean region whose scientific name is Origanum vulgareGrows as a stunted shrub about 50-60 centimeters tall. The leaves are opposite, oval and wide, with a size of 2-4 centimeters. Its white or pink flowers emerge from a terminal inflorescence in spring.

Uses

  • Culinary: It is used as a condiment in many dishes, such as pizza, cauliflower soup, garlic bread, stewed potatoes, etc.
  • Medicinal: its infused leaves have antimicrobial, antitumor, antiseptic, antioxidant, tonic and digestive properties. It can also be used as an ointment.
  • In gardening: it is a good ant repellent.

Parsley

Parsley, an aromatic plant

It is a biennial cycle herb native to the Mediterranean region whose scientific name is Petroselinum crispum which grows to 30 centimeters. The leaves are very divided, and are green. It blooms in the second year, in spring.

Uses

  • Culinary: both the leaves and the stems are used in different dishes, such as stews and sauces.
  • Medicinal: its leaves are used to relieve flatulence, as well as the symptoms of cancer, anemia and arthritis.
  • In gardening: repels cutworms and beetles that affect asparagus. It also attracts bees and other beneficial insects, such as butterflies.

.Parsley

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Rosemary

Rosemary, a slow-growing aromatic plant

It is a highly branched evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean and the Caucasus whose scientific name is Rosmarinus officinalisGrows to a maximum height of 2 meters, although the normal thing is to keep it with 1m and even less. Its leaves are small, linear, dark green on the upper side and whitish on the underside. The flowers, which bloom in spring, are about 0,5 cm long and pale blue.

Uses

  • Culinary: its leaves are used to add or improve the flavor of many dishes, roasts in the oven, tomato sauces, Valencian paella, stews, among others.
  • Medicinal: the leaves are used above all, but sometimes also the flowers.
    • Infusion: relieves cough and improves liver health.
    • In decoction: helps heal wounds and sores.
  • In gardening: repels mosquitoes.

Thyme

Thyme is a Mediterranean plant

It is a subshrub native to the temperate regions of Europe whose scientific name is Thymus vulgarisGrows to a height of between 10 and 50 centimeters, with erect, woody and highly branched stems. Its leaves are small, oval in shape. It blooms in spring, producing small pink flowers.

Uses

  • Culinary: It is used as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes.
  • Medicinal: infused leaves can relieve colds, as it has expectorant and antitussive properties. They also improve digestion.
  • In gardening: repels many pests, such as fleas, caterpillars, mosquitoes, worms, or whiteflies.

What care do aromatic plants need?

Basil is a plant that can be grown in a pot

To finish, we leave you with a brief care guide to make it easier for you to maintain them:

  • Location: outside, in full sun, except for basil and parsley, which prefer semi-shade.
  • Earth:
    • Garden or orchard: They are not demanding, but they will grow best if they have well-draining soil.
    • Pots: can be filled with universal substrate for plants with 30% perlite
  • Irrigation: about 3-4 times a week in summer, somewhat less the rest of the year.
  • Subscriber: in spring and summer, with organic fertilizers such as guano, compost, or others.
  • Planting or transplanting time: in spring.
  • Rusticity: most resist frosts down to -7ºC, with the exception of basil and parsley, which do not like cold.

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10 aromatic plants for gardens that are very easy to care for and their uses

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