Grown for his or her lush foliage and nutritious and delicious fruit, avocado trees are popular landscape plants in tropical and subtropical climates.
HOW TO PLANT AN avocado
Avocado trees prefer a well-drained, slightly acid soil (pH 6-6.5); they are doing poorly in wet soils. They grow best when planted fully sun with protection from wind and frost. To conserve soil moisture, mulch with two to 6 inches of coarse bark mulch. Keep the mulch a minimum of eight inches from the bottom of the trunk to guard the trunk from insects and diseases.
Spring is that the best time to plant avocados. Because they will easily grow to 40 feet tall and have a spreading rootage, plant avocado trees a minimum of 25 feet from any building. to guard trunks against damage from lawnmowers, roots from overwatering by lawn irrigation systems, and fruit from the negative effects of lawn fertilizer, choose non-lawn sites for your avocado trees.
FERTILIZING AND WATERING AVOCADO TREES
Fertilizer recommendations vary by location but are consistently light during the primary year. Infrequent thorough watering promotes strong root growth, particularly important for the shallow-rooted avocado. For the primary three years water young trees weekly during extended droughts.
AVOCADO TREE PESTS AND DISEASES
While a variety of insects attack avocado trees, they rarely affect the fruit enough to warrant any sort of control measures. an honest thanks to avoiding disease problems is to plant scab-resistant varieties in well-drained soils and monitor the leaves and fruit for signs of disease. Avocadoes are vulnerable to a variety of fungal problems. Local agricultural extension offices are the simplest sources of data about the control of fungal diseases of avocadoes.
Opossums eat avocados and can climb trees to urge the fruit if they don’t find any on the bottom.
HOW TO HARVEST AN AVOCADO
Avocado fruit doesn’t ripen until it falls from the tree or is harvested. Avocadoes are able to be harvested once they reach a particular weight or size, which varies consistent with the variability. A mature fruit will ripen indoors at 60-75 degrees F in three to eight days after it’s picked. Avocadoes don’t need to be harvested all at an equivalent time; you’ll harvest them as required.
GROWING AVOCADOS FROM SEEDS
While you’ll definitely grow an avocado from a seed (aka pit or stone), the tree will probably not be an equivalent variety because the one the seed came from. Because avocado varieties don’t come true from seed, you don’t know what variety or quality of fruit you’ll get once you start with a seed. Plus, an avocado takes 10-15 years to travel from seed to flowering and fruiting. If you would like to grow an avocado for its fruit it’s best to shop for a healthy two- to four-foot plant from a reputable nursery.