The serrano pepper is essentially a smaller version of the jalapeno. Clocking in between 5,000 and 23,000 Scoville units, serranos are typically a touch hotter than the jalapeno and are always an exquisite addition to salsas, sauces relish, or any recipe that would use a spicy kick. A longtime staple of Mexican cooking, the serrano pepper gets its origin, and its name, from the mountainous region of the Mexican states of Hidalgo and Puebla (the name serrano being regard to the Spanish word for mountains, sierra).
In addition to the extreme heat and delicious flavor of the serrano pepper, it’s also a really healthy addition to any diet. Low in fat and calories and high in vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber, it’s no wonder that the serrano pepper is rising in popularity everywhere the planet. Serranos have only 0.4 grams of fat and 34 calories in every 100-gram serving. therein the same serving size, you get 74 percent of your recommended daily vitamin C intake and 20 percent of your daily vitamin A, also as a big amount of vitamin B6, iron, and magnesium. Serranos also contains 3.7 grams of dietary fiber in every 100-gram serving. Dietary fiber helps lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels also as slowing the speed of your body’s absorption of sugar.
Capsaicin, the compound that’s liable for the warmth level of hot peppers, has many health benefits also. Capsaicin’s cholesterol-lowering power makes serranos a heart-healthy addition to your diet. Hot peppers also work to stop the contraction of arteries, which ensures healthy blood flow to the guts. Capsaicin is employed to treat inflammatory bowel disease, and research has shown that hot peppers kill bacteria within the stomach that contribute to stomach ulcers. Studies have also demonstrated that capsaicin has the power to induce apoptosis in cancer cells, causing them to self-destruct. With all the health benefits serranos bring back the table, it’s no wonder that they’re growing in popularity. Though the serrano remains far less popular than the jalapeno, more grocery stores within us are beginning to carry serranos, and sales of this versatile pepper are up worldwide.
GROWING CONDITIONS FOR SERRANO PEPPERS
Peppers enjoy sunny garden areas with good drainage and rich, deep, loamy soil. If your garden’s soil isn’t rich, deep and loamy, add about an in. of compost to the highest six inches of soil. If you’ve got planted hot peppers in your garden before, alternate the growing areas annually, as peppers tend to underperform when planted within the same spot season after season. Peppers prefer many organic matters within the soil, but take care to not add an excessive amount of nitrogen to the garden in preparation for growing peppers, as excess nitrogen will make your pepper plants grow too quickly for his or her own good, making them less productive and more vulnerable to pests and disease.
HOW TO PLANT SERRANO PEPPERS
Wait for a cloudy day (if possible), in any case, the threat of frost has passed, to plant your serrano seedlings. Space them out about 18 inches apart to offer each plant much room to grow. After planting, water the seedlings thoroughly.
CARE OF SERRANO PEPPERS
Peppers are heavy feeders, so make certain to fertilize the soil with a balanced vegetable fertilizer. As serranos wish to feed voraciously, fertilizer will be got to be reapplied once a month. Water the soil well after each feeding.
Throughout the season, confirm to water your pepper plants frequently. Deep watering once every three to four days is preferable to light watering daily. Check the soil often, especially during extremely hot days. the highest layer of soil will often be dry, but if the soil is moist about an in. and a half down, it’s almost time for additional deep watering.
Adding a pleasant thick layer of mulch will help with water retention and soil temperature. However, do that only after your soil has warmed, as mulching cool soil can stunt the expansion of your precious peppers.
When your pepper plants are lush with fruit, the stems could also be holding an excessive amount of weight to support themselves without bowing or sagging heavily. To avoid this extra strain on the stems once you notice slight bowing, tie the stems to stakes using old pairs of nylons, also referred to as pantyhose. Don’t use twine or twist ties, as they have a tendency to choke the stems even when tied loosely, and therefore the stems can grow into the ties, sometimes to the purpose of snapping the stems altogether. there’s no got to pre-stake each stem, because some branches won’t need support. Just keep an eye fixed on your plants, and stake them when needed.
HARVESTING SERRANO PEPPERS
Pinch off any early blossoms in order that your plants can focus their energy on producing large fruit later within the season. you’ll harvest your peppers early within the growing period once they are immature and green or purple, but the flavor will improve as they mature. When the serranos are red, yellow, or orange, or once they are full-sized but still green in color, the time is ideal for harvesting. make certain to use hand pruning to get rid of the fruit from the stem, as just yanking them off can severely hurt the plant and might even stop it from producing another round of peppers.
SERRANO PEPPER PESTS AND DISEASES
Luckily, peppers are generally considered to be a problem-free, worry-free plant, but there are, of course, exceptions to the norm. an equivalent diseases and pests that plague other members of the nightshade family can target peppers, too, though infestations are much rarer in pepper gardens than in their nightshade siblings, like tomatoes.
Plant disease-resistant varieties if possible, and use organic pesticides to focus on common pests when necessary. BT, or thuricide, will eliminate caterpillars, cutworms, hornworms, and borers, while pyrethrum and rotenone will lookout of aphids, maggots, weevils, miners, and flea beetles. Weed your garden as often as possible, as weeds can harbor pests and help spread disease and fungal infections. Avoid working within the garden directly after heavy rains.
COMPANION PLANTING TIPS
Serranos enjoy the corporate of tomatoes, basil, carrots, beets, garlic, onions, radishes, parsnips, and parsley. don’t grow serrano peppers anywhere near fennel or kohlrabi. Serranos also enjoy the corporate of other hot pepper plants. Just make certain to change the situation of your peppers each season for the simplest possible production.