Onion (Allium cepa ), is a type of bulbous vegetable widely used in cooking and traditional medicine. They can be used as an effective treatment for respiratory conditions (for example, to combat the symptoms of a cold or the flu), to create home remedies with which to combat hair loss, dandruff, even to create a cream that allows taking care of the skin.
If you are thinking of planting onions, surely you already know that each area has its own shape, and that is because it will depend on a long series of circumstances and requirements to achieve the best results. Today we can plant them at home, and thus enjoy the benefits of onion without having a large garden for it.
Without further ado, let’s see step by step how and when to plant onions.
Do you want to plant onions? Take a look at these tips
Onions should be given the sun daily, only then can they grow stronger.
The onion will need a type of soil that is rich in nutrients, valid for planting and cultivation. The most recommended is to use a sandy loam soil; avoid those that are excessively sandy or clayey.
The problem with these last soils is that they would not allow the onion to develop, much less flourish.
Another key that should be clear to us about when to plant onions is that they need very little water for their development.
Specifically, they will need more water when their bulbs start to develop. Once you have done this, the amount of water will be minimal.
The onion is susceptible to extreme changes in temperature and humidity; These changes could damage its structure, causing cracks that could kill it.
When to plant onions?
Onions can be planted in the summer, winter, or spring.
- Summer: If you decide to plant them in summer, wait at the end of the season. We will place the seeds with enough space between them and then we will cover the plant pots with compost (with 1,5cm more or less). If winter is very extreme in the area where you live, the best thing you can do is to use tunnels to protect the onions from the cold. Once the spring season arrives we will proceed to thin plants.
- Winter: When it comes to knowing when to plant winter onions, you should know that you can do this at any time of the season. However, if winter is hard in your area, the best thing you can do is plant them inside your house.
When planting them in winter we will have to transplant them once spring arrives. This will have to be done when the garden soil is completely dry, or in the final plant, pots to be placed on a terrace or balcony.
- Spring: It is the most complicated period for planting onions. Just do it if you live in a place where the summer is cool and humid, and if your intention is not to store the onions. The way of planting onions in this period is the same as in summer, with the only difference that it will be necessary to clear about 10cm between one plant and the other, once each of them has reached 10 centimeters.
It will be necessary to control the onion until we verify that the vertices of it begin to turn yellow. It will be at that moment when we will have to twist them until their necks break. We must leave these necks growing with the rest of the plant, and at the same time having contact with the earth.
It will be at this moment when the onion begins to ripen.
It will also be necessary to proceed to lift the bulbs of the onion.
We will let everything rest in the sun for a period of 15 days.
If you want to know everything about how to plant onions, you should know all the pests that can affect you. The most common pest is that of horseflies, insects similar to mosquitoes.
There are many commercial repellents that can help us kill them … although our recommendation is that you make them homemade.
With this guide, it will be very easy to learn to plant onions and achieve the best results.