Parsley is a biannual herbaceous plant belonging to the Apiaceae family. This aromatic plant is called Petroselinum crispum and is of Mediterranean origin, although it is widespread throughout the world. If you usually consume it to prepare delicious recipes, you will surely want to know how to plant parsley at home.
How and when to sow parsley?
Planting parsley is very simple and can be carried out throughout the year, although it is important to note that it’s planting usually takes place between February to September, depending on when you want to obtain plants. It can be done in lines that are 20 cm apart, leaving at least 5 cm between plants. Before planting parsley, you must soak the parsley seeds for 24 hours.
Although the cultivation of parsley resists any type of climate, this aromatic plant is better adapted to hot climates. Consider that plants that are planted in summer will take approximately 16 days to hatch, and those that are planted in winter in a warm place will take a month.
Parsley adapts perfectly to any type of soil, although it loves loose, fresh, deep, rich in humus and well-drained. In addition, it requires frequent watering in a few doses to ensure constant humidity for the plant.
Plagues and diseases
As for parasitic causes, the most common are the following:
- Septoriosis: it is a leaf disease that is caused by fungi, which make the plant turn brown and with black dots. This causes the leaves to lose their color. One of the best ecological fungicides is horsetail. Remember that to prevent fungi it is important that you keep the plants clear and avoid wetting their leaves during watering since fungi love warm, shady, and humid places.
- Aphid: these insects appear due to excess irrigation and excess nitrogen in the soil. If it appears in the parsley plant, you should resort to potassium soap dissolved in water or purchase one of the products that we have at PlanetaGarden.
- Mildew: This fungus affects the main leaves that are in the parsley seed germ, as well as the first leaves.
- Celery fly: the female of the celery fly lays its eggs on the leaves, while the larvae penetrate inside, causing the tissues to dry. One of the best products to combat this pest is using neem extract.
When to harvest parsley?
The parsley harvest can be done two or three months after planting it. To do this, you will have to cut it flush with the ground. Harvest first thing in the morning, cutting the outer stems when they are between 5 and 10 cm tall.
In winter, parsley branches can last about three months to be used, while in summer, about two months.
What are the uses and benefits of parsley
Parsley can be used to: decorate dishes; to mix with breadcrumbs and serve as a batter in beef or chicken fillets; to prepare the green sauce. As for its benefits, this aromatic plant has a high dose of antioxidants that help prevent cardiovascular disease. It is also diuretic and digestive, so it prevents fluid retention and facilitates gas expulsion thanks to its fiber content.