Onions have a somewhat different crop than others. It can be planted directly in the ground or in pots of at least 3 liters and about 20 centimeters deep. Planting onions can be done at different times of the year. It can be sown from seed or directly from the bulb. Depending on the type of planting you do, it will need some care or another.
In this article we are going to tell you everything you need to know about how to plant onions and what you should take into account for it.
As we have mentioned before, planting onions can be done at 3 different times of the year . Onions can be planted both in spring, summer and winter. It can be sown from seed or directly from the bulb. If we sow from seed, it must be done at the end of summer and for this we will create furrows. Once the seeds are sown we must cover with compost. At the arrival of spring it is convenient to avoid some so that they can develop more and have a better size.
On the other hand, if we sow the onions during the winter, we must transplant in spring and it can be sown in seedlings. In spring you can sow both seed and bulb, although this second is referred to because growth is much faster. It also requires less care. Once we have sown by bulb, it only takes about 4 months to harvest. With direct sowing, it is done directly in the final beds and a distance of 10 is prepared between them so that they do not compete for nutrients and for the territory. The grooves should be about 2 cm deep.
Cultivation and care
To learn how to plant onions, the first thing of all is to prepare the soil. It should be thrown between 2-3 seeds per square meter to later cover with 2 centimeters of organic compost, sawdust dust or rice husk. If we carry out indirect sowing, it must be done in parts and the transplantation of the fashions to the final cultivation places occurs in about 40-60 days of growth after sowing. More or less the indicator for transplanting to the final planting place is made when the onion has between 3-4 leaves.
Planting by small bulbs is somewhat more laborious, but it is worth it since the growth time is much shorter. It can be done with dense planting and at a temperature that protects the bulbs until harvest. The dormant bulbs can be stored for approximately 30 days and transferred to the final cultivation sites. Keep in mind that the depth a should be about 2-3 centimeters. The spacing between the crops varies between 25-45 centimeters between lines and 10-15 centimeters between plants. In this way, or we will avoid the territory and we will avoid that the onions compete for nutrients and for space.
Climate for planting onions
The climate is one of the most important aspects to take into account in order to learn how to plant onions. If you are going to plant an organic onion, there is not much of a secret. And it is that the onion is an undemanding vegetable that adapts easily to different types of climate. A temperature range between 13-28 degrees must be respected. You should also avoid soggy soils that have been cultivated in recent years with species that are from the same family . Some of the crops of the same family and that are usually frequent are garlic, chives and leeks.
We are going to see what are the main aspects of the climate in order to learn how to plant onions. The first thing to consider is the luminosity. Although the brightness varies depending on the type of onion we are growing, the vast majority of them require many hours of light a day.
As for the soil, it is sensitive to the acidity of the soil. It tends to do best in soils that have a pH between 6 and 6.5. The soil must be well drained to avoid waterlogging and very rich in organic matter. Organic compost can be used to increase the organic matter in the soil. The compost of nitrogen fertilizers is more advisable. In addition, it is advisable for direct sowing to first cover the soil with green manure or direct transplantation on straw.
Another aspect of learning how to plant onions is watering . Although the soil must not be waterlogged, the soil must be kept moist during the growth phase of the plant. During the development of the bulb, the frequency of irrigation is usually reduced to reduce it completely at harvest time. The harvest time requires less amount of humidity to end the formation of the onion two
Plagues and diseases
For a correct development of the onions we look for a compost that serves to fertilize. The compost can be composed of manure from stems, wood ashes, as it can come from the chimney or from the stoves. The manure slurry must be mixed with the wood ash.
There are several pests and diseases that can attack onions. The main pests are the onion moth, the onion fly, thrips and beetles. To prevent the spread and evolution of these pests, some preparations can be made, such as nettle slurry, diluted ash and the removal of the beetles by hand.
As for diseases, the ones that mainly attack onions are mildew, which is caused by fungi and rust. To avoid these diseases, it is advisable to respect the separation between onions that we have mentioned above and the soil has good drainage. If the accumulation of water and excess humidity, the spread of diseases occurs more slowly, so it can be controlled in time. For the treatment of these diseases it is advisable to use a part of milk and 9 parts of water to apply.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to plant onions and what aspects to take into account