The lemon tree is one of the most popular fruit trees among gardening enthusiasts, since its tasty and acidic fruits, lemons, are a delight that is a great accompaniment to a large number of dishes and recipes, especially if it is natural and ripened lemons in the same home garden. However, choosing which lemon tree to plant when it comes to it may not be easy, as there are currently a large number of varieties of lemon trees, each with its own particular characteristics.
If you want to learn more about the different varieties of lemon trees that exist, keep reading us in this Green Ecology article about 15 types of lemon trees.
This is a variety native to China , named after the first man to import it into the United States, Frank Meyer. It is, in fact, a hybridization between mandarin, orange and lemon , so its fruits are less acidic, more rounded and very juicy, as well as containing abundant seeds and a not very pronounced aroma. Another of the great advantages of the Meyer lemon tree is that it is more resistant to cold than most varieties.
The Lisbon lemon tree is widely cultivated in Australia and the United States, specifically in the desert areas of Arizona. It produces highly appreciated and considered high quality fruits, very acidic and with a large amount of juice. The tree has many thorns and grows with a great density of fruits , which are rough-skinned.
The Verna lemon tree is very popular in Spanish territory, reaching more than 600,000 tons a year, the majority in Murcia and Alicante. It is characterized by its two blooms , which give rise to lemons of different characteristics: the harvest lemons, collected in spring, and the verdelli, from the end of summer, which have a thinner and smoother skin. Both are large, very rich in juice and tender pulp.
The 4 seasons lemon tree or eureka has its origin in California, which is also one of its most important producers, along with Australia, Israel, Argentina and South Africa. It is believed that it originated from a lemon tree seed and produces lemons that are not very large or small, approximately elliptical in shape and with a neck.
The lemon trees of the eureka lemon tree have a very acid flavor and a lot of juice. One of its main advantages is that this variety bears fruit throughout the year, which is why they are very popular in supermarkets practically all over the world.
The Primofiori lemon tree , also called Fine Lemon , is the most important variety in Spain and also the earliest in terms of production. This type of lemon tree produces blooms of great intensity and oval fruits of medium size and smooth skin. In addition, its lemons are very rich in juice and have a remarkable acidity.
This is one of the types of lemon trees that has been widely cultivated in Korea and Japan for hundreds of years. It produces fruit with an aroma halfway between the Meyer lemon and the white grape. It is a hybrid variety between the tangerine ichan papea and the kaffir lime. Yuzu is one of the most cold-resistant citrus fruits.
Among the rare types of lemons , the Variegated Pink stands out , a variety of Lisbon or Eureka whose fruits show a pulp and juice of shades between pink and orange , a quality that owes its name. Another typical characteristic of Variegated Pink lemon trees is the curious multicolored pattern that their leaves have.
It is another of the varieties of lemon trees that is more resistant to cold and frost, ideal for crops with lower temperatures. Its lemons are thin-skinned and quite elongated. In addition, the flavor of the lemons given by Ponderosa lemon trees is very similar to that of citron-lemon hybrids.
The bush lemon tree has already been naturalized and grows wild in some areas of Australia. This is one of the different types of lemon trees that have great resistance and hardiness. It is one of the most appreciated varieties of lemons in the kitchen for its skin, which is very aromatic and fine.
Other types of lemon trees
Although we have already mentioned the main types of lemon trees, there are many more types of rare or not so rare lemons, such as dwarf citrus , one of the types of dwarf lemon trees , whose fruits can be consumed, although they are mainly decorative in nature. These are other types of lemon trees :
Below you can see these lemon trees in the order of the list, starting with the dwarf citrus.
Basic lemon tree care
How many times a year do lemon trees bear fruit ? Depending on their variety, they can have one or two blooms that bear fruit or can even keep it all year long. However, if you want to optimize the fruit production of your lemon, make sure it has all its needs met. These are the basic lemon tree care :
- Light: at least eight hours of direct incidence.
- Climate: temperate, with different seasons. It needs cool periods, although not of intense cold.
- Irrigation: frequent, but always without flooding. It does not tolerate permanent humidity.
- Location: protected from the wind.
- Compost: rich in iron and organic matter. Necessary in the warm months.
- Pests in lemon trees: aphids and mites mainly.