Would you like to learn a little more about the plant world? We want to help you expand your knowledge about the different species of wild plants that you will see during your walks in the countryside, in specialized stores or in parks and gardens. Many of these types of wildflowers are valued not only for their beauty and perfume, but also for their medicinal and even culinary properties.
We hope that this selection of 28 wild flowers with names and photos will be the most interesting for you and will help you choose which will be the next companion to decorate and bring life to your home. Go ahead and take a look at this list full of wild flowers known worldwide and discover photographs of beautiful flowers.
Allium ursinum or bear’s garlic
It is a kind of garlic , specifically known as bear’s garlic . It is one of the edible wild plants used for its medicinal value as a natural antibiotic. In addition, this is one of the field plants that is typical of humid forest areas, such as oak or beech trees.
Andryala agardhii or mountain sesame
Also belonging to the Compositae family, this plant, commonly known as mountain sesame , has alternate gray-green leaves and yellow flowers . It blooms during the summer, generally on rocky and rocky areas, as you can see in this image.
Anagallis or anagalis
Although anagalis , which is how this plant is commonly known and is a name very similar to its scientific name, usually produces flowers with a wide range of colors , it is one of the most recognized pink wildflowers for its high value aesthetic. In the same way, it is also used as a medicinal plant to treat problems such as epilepsy. It usually grows in dry and sandy soils and is native to Europe.
Anemone ranunculoides or anemone
This wild plant that blooms from late winter to spring and is typical of Europe, especially the Mediterranean. Commonly known as anemone, it features white , purple, blue, red, and yellow wildflowers .
Antirrhinum barrelieri or dragoncillo
Also known as narrow-leaved calves, bunnies, or dragons , this wild plant with pink flowers belongs to the Scrofulariaceae family. Its stems are erect, its leaves are linear and its flowers have a characteristic deep pink color. It is typical of calcareous and stony soils. Its flowering season is quite long, from late winter to late spring.
Arenaria montana or arenaria
Of popular name arenaria, thorny grass or fly wing , this plant is a herbaceous one that has its origin in the mountain areas of the European southwest. It is typical of stony and rocky terrain, being a species of low height, almost always less than 20 cm, and with a widely branched structure. Its small flowers, about 2 cm, are very striking for their clear white color , with a light green center.
Bellis perennis or daisy
The common daisy is one of the best-known wildflowers in the world. It is typical of Europe and North Africa. It is generally used for its ornamental value but has also begun to be used in the kitchen. In addition, it has diuretic and healing properties. It usually grows in meadows and areas with abundant grass.
Centaurea ornata or fist opener
Also known as openers , it belongs to the Compositae family and has erect and folious stems, alternate leaves and flowers in terminal yellow chapters . This wild flower usually grows on the roadsides between spring and summer.
Chondrilla juncea or sweet chicory
It is known much more by its common name: sweet chicory . It is a wild plant that, more specifically, is a biennial or lively herbaceous plant, has reed stems, alternate leaves and flowers in yellow chapters .
Crocus sativus or saffron
The saffron is one of the wild plants more valued in the culinary world for its bitter taste and aroma. Growing them is a very delicate process, which is why it is one of the most expensive wildflowers in the world. In addition, it has very characteristic purple bluebell wildflowers despite its small size.
Diplotaxis erucoides or white dandelion
The wild caterpillar or white dandelion , common names for this edible wild plant , usually grows easily in orchards, roads and even vineyards. It was used for raw salads and for its digestive and detoxifying properties.
Erica erigena or heather of Ireland
The one known as Irish heather is one of the wild plants with pink or purple campanulate flowers most characteristic of steep areas or ravines. In addition, its color stands out not only on the stone, but even in the snow as it is very resistant to frost when it blooms during winter.
Jurinea humilis or rock arzolla
This perennial rhizomatous wild plant, known as rock arzolla , is characterized by its highly segmented whole leaves and tubular flowers in a wide variety of colors ranging from white to mauve. It is normal to find it in grassland or scrub areas. Its flowering season begins in early summer.
Ilex aquifolium or holly
The so-called holly or false mistletoe is a plant that has become a symbol of Christmas. It is a small, slow-growing tree that rarely exceeds 10 meters in height. It is best known for its small red fruits , which are toxic and should be avoided by children or pets. Its flowers, although less popular, are small in size, but very pretty, of a more pure white or spotted depending on whether they are male or female. Blooms in spring and welcomes semi-shady locations.
Rhododendron or rhododendron
The rhododendron is a plant of Asian origin, specifically from the Himalayan area. It is one of the most valued purple, pink and white wildflowers for its high ornamental value . However, it is not recommended to plant in public places since its flowers release a certain harmful toxin for the little ones.
Reichardia picroides or cosconilla
Commonly known as cosconilla , this wild plant blooms throughout the year and its flowers are always yellow. In addition, it is typical of meadows and open or open places. Cosconilla is used in traditional natural medicine to heal and protect the liver.
Smyrnium olusatrum or horse celery
Commonly known as horse celery , this herbaceous plant, typical of ravines and riverbanks, is one of the wild edible plants widely used both for its diuretic properties and vitamin C. In addition, its fruits are used as a flavoring for dishes such as salads or rice.
Tagetes erecta or Cempasúchil flower
The Cempasúchil or tagete flower , the common name of this species native to Mexico and Central America, is one of the most representative flowers of the Day of the Dead. This bright yellow to red flower blooms in the fall. It is one of the most consumed edible wildflowers in Mexico. It can be eaten raw as a topping for tamales, in soups and even in herbal teas. Its flavor is quite characteristic, with a sweet and citrus touch.
Taraxacum officinale or dandelion
Another of the best known wild flowers is the dandelion , which belongs to the Asteraceae family. Although many call it a weed, it has yellow flowers with healing properties . In addition, its form of seed dispersal is very characteristic. Its fragile cypselas are blown away by the wind creating an almost magical atmosphere.
Tribulus terrestris or thistle
Perhaps it is one of the least known wild plants in the world. It is known as thistle and has compound leaves and solitary flowers with up to 5 yellow and white petals . This wild plant blooms all year long on the roadsides.
Tussilago farfara or horse foot
The one known as horse’s foot or claw is one of the yellow wild flowers used as an ingredient in salads for its aroma and flavor. In addition, it can also be used in infusions to improve respiratory conditions such as asthma.
Ophrys lutea or beehive orchid
Belonging to the Orchid family, this wild plant with yellow flowers can grow up to 9 centimeters tall. The flowering time of the beehive orchid is in spring and usually grows in environments of meadows or scrub areas.
Papaver rhoea or wild poppy
The wild poppy is one of the best-known wildflowers due to its striking deep red , bell-shaped flowers. They grow to almost 50 cm in height. In addition, it is from it the opium latex is extracted, which is used to produce morphine.
Parentucellia latifolia or algarabía
This annual herbaceous plant belongs to the Labiatae family. Its common name is algarabía and it has simple, reddish erect stems. Its flowers are very small, they are grouped in inflorescences and range from red to purple . They usually grow in grasslands and in stony areas during the spring.
Portulaca oleracea or purslane
This plant is used for its medicinal properties. Among them, its richness in omega-3s and its use as an anti-inflammatory stand out. Although purslane , its common name, usually has showy and small yellow flowers, there is a variety, Portulaca oleracea grandiflorun , which has even more showy and multi-colored flowers.
Lavandula officinalis or lavender
The lavender , also sometimes known as lavender, is a wild plant semiarbustiva type. This plant is very characteristic for its purple wild flowers and for its aroma . It is a plant capable of adapting without problems to any type of soil and can be grown both in gardens and in pots. In addition, it has medicinal properties.
Lupinus hispanicus or alberjón
These blue wildflowers belong to the Legume family. They are also called alberjón , lizard bean, wolf bean and titones.
This plant has erect, hairy stems, compound leaves, and flowers arranged in whorls of up to 5 flowers. These can vary in color from blue to light purple . It is also typical of the roadsides and blooms during the spring.
Thymus vulgaris or thyme
The thyme is a wild plant native to the Mediterranean. Also shrub-like like lavender, it can grow up to 40 cm in height. It is very easy to grow and produces quite showy small white flowers .