Types of palm trees

We show you a list of the palm tree species most used in gardening and to decorate our home. Among the more than 3,000 species that exist on our planet, we want to place special emphasis on those that stand out for their ornamental value.

Within this selection we include indoor and outdoor palm trees, as well as some types of small and large palm trees and various types of palms for those who prefer shorter plants with broad and showy leaves. read on and discover 20 types of palm trees, their names, characteristics and photos of each one of them.

Caryota urens

It is commonly known as the fishtail palm tree , as the leaves of the palm trees of this species deserve this curious name, although its flowering is also very striking. It is a very showy species, but it is also little known due to its short life cycle. This palm tree has a life span of about 20 years and its flowering begins after 12 years of life. This monoecious palm , with a single trunk, can grow up to 15 meters in height .

Types of palm trees - Caryota urens

Cyrtostachys renda

Native to Malaysia, this palm tree, popularly known as the lipstick palm , features a unique deep red trunk highly valued in gardening. Although it is a slow-growing species, it can reach more than 15 meters in height . If you were wondering how long a palm tree takes to grow, you may think that it takes many years to know that it can reach more than 15 meters and is very slow growing, but as you will see later, there are others that grow fast in comparison. Returning to focus on the Cyrtostachys renda , it should also be noted that it needs a lot of humidity in the ground and more than 4 ºC of temperature to survive.

Types of palm trees - Cyrtostachys renda

Chamaerops humilis

Known as hearts of palm , this type of palm is native to the Mediterranean area. It grows bushy , so it does not reach a great height . Typically placed in small groups as a focus of color in dry gardens. This species is where most of the hearts of palm that we usually consume in Mediterranean cuisine come from. The heart of palm that we eat is the juicy heart of the stems of this species of small palm tree.

Types of palm trees - Chamaerops humilis

Cocos nucifera

The coconut tree is one of the best known tropical palm tree names . The Cocos nucifera palm can reach up to 24 meters in height. It is recognized by its bent stem or bent by its fruit, the coconut . It is typical of tropical climates and widely used as a large indoor plant due to the intense color of its leaves.

Types of palm trees - Cocos nucifera

Chamaedorea elegans

Its use indoors has given it the common name of the parlor palm tree . The Chamaedorea elegans palm has a maximum height of 2 meters and prefers to grow in semi-shady places, since its leaves turn yellow easily if it receives direct sunlight.

Types of palm trees - Chamaedorea elegans

Howea forsteriana

This palm tree, easy to reproduce by seeds, is another of the palm tree species most used as an indoor plant. Popularly known as the kentia palm , the Howea forsteriana prefers warm environments, but is well resistant to frost.

Types of palm trees - Howea forsteriana

Dypsis decaryi

The triangular palm tree or Dypsis decaryi is native to Madagascar and can grow to over 12 meters in height. This outdoor plant prefers humid environments, can be in the sun and withstands both droughts and frosts well.

Types of palm trees - Dypsis decaryi

Jubaea chilensis

The Chilean palm tree is one of the large palm trees and is used in a very similar way to the palm heart, that is, forming groups to create touches of color in garden areas. Lately it has lost some ornamental value in favor of other faster growing palms.

Types of palm trees - Jubaea chilensis

Phoenix dactylifera

We continue talking about the types of palm trees and their fruits , because in this case we are also talking about a palm tree that has delicious fruits. Of African origin, the date palm is one of the tallest species, reaching more than 15 meters in height. So, if you are looking for tall palm trees for your house or land, this is a good option.

It needs high temperatures and sun to produce its well-known fruit: the date. One of the fruits of the palm trees most used by the Egyptians and, currently, as a fundamental element in many African and Arab dishes and desserts.

Types of palm trees - Phoenix dactylifera

Robust Washingtonia

The Washingtonia robusta palm , also called the Mexican fan palm , is widely cultivated as a decortica plant on avenues and boulevards for its thin trunk and showy leaves. It resists frost very well and, in addition, tolerates salt water, so it is normal to see them near the beaches.

Palm types - Washingtonia robusta

Livistona chinensis

Native to Asia, it can be used as an indoor or outdoor palm tree. Although it prefers sunlight, it can thrive in semi-shady environments. It is widely used for the breadth of its webbed leaves that can reach more than 30 centimeters wide. The Livistona chinensis , also commonly known as palm Chinese fan .

Types of palm trees - Livistona chinensis

Trachycarpus fortunei

One of the types of palm that best resist the cold. They can survive below -20 ºC. It is recognized by its stem covered with a layer of hair and by its elongated leaves and together in fan-shaped palms. Commonly, this palm is known as palmera excelsa .

Types of palm trees - Trachycarpus fortunei

Roystonea regal

This palm tree known as the royal palm of Cuba is characterized by its tall crown and intense green leaves. On the contrary, the stem is grayish in color, thus creating a strong contrast that gives it that aesthetic value.

Types of palm trees - Roystonea regia

Phoenix canariensis

The Canarian palm tree is one of the most used as part of alignments in cities. Its rapid growth and its height of up to 18 meters makes it one of the most cultivated species. In addition, it is a kind of palm tree that can be grown in a pot.

Types of palm trees - Phoenix canariensis

Rhapis excelsa

It is one of the types of small palm trees , making it a perfect species for indoors . It does not reach more than 3 meters in height and they prefer humid and semi-shady environments. It is also known as rapis, Chinese palm or bamboo palm.

Types of palm trees - Rhapis excelsa

Phoenix roebelenii

This is another species of dwarf palm of great ornamental value and, in fact, it is widely used in gardens with palm trees . It prefers bright areas for optimal growth and can reach 5 meters in height.

Types of palm trees - Phoenix roebelenii

Syagrus romanzoffiana

The Syagrus romanzoffiana palm is also known as the feathery coconut and is well known for its tropical appearance and its ease of growing both indoors and outdoors. To grow well, this species prefers bright places and is fast growing.

Types of palm trees - Syagrus romanzoffiana

Ravenea rivularis

The elegant Ravenea rivularis palm is native to Madagascar and, although it requires a lot of care to achieve its flowering, it is highly valued in gardening. It can be grown both indoors and outdoors and even in a pot.

Types of palm trees - Ravenea rivularis

Wodyetia bifurcata

Of Australian origin, the Wodyetia bifurcata is a palm tree that can be cultivated without problems as long as the soil has good drainage. It is a fast-growing type of palm tree and is highly resistant to both pests and droughts.

Types of palm trees - Wodyetia bifurcata

Nannorrhops ritchiana

The Nannorrhops ritchiana is a small palm tree , or bushy in shape, is very hardy to cold and is native to Asia. It reaches a height of up to 3 meters and its green or bluish leaves , depending on the variety, are fan-shaped.

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