In this article we are going to present you several of the different styles of gardens that you can find all over the world. Each one has a very distinctive style that we hope you can easily recognize thanks to these simple descriptions that may help you improve your own garden.
Read on and discover 11 types of typical gardens from various parts of the world, their names, characteristics and photos. Which one do you like the most?
The English gardens are characterized by creating environments reminiscent completely natural landscapes. In their effort to achieve this feeling, they work down to the smallest detail to make the gardens adapt to urban environments. One of its main characteristics is the use of water as a central element . Lakes, ponds and fountains are used as part of a more wild and natural landscape. The hedges are pruned just enough so that they do not invade too much, but as delimiters of the paths that lead to discover the unique corners of the garden.
The French gardens are based on the geometry . Each element is located in harmony with the rest in search of precise vanishing points to give a feeling of spaciousness.
The hedges and other plant elements are treated to achieve the desired shape. Water is also a fundamental element in the French garden, used both in large fountains and in small fountains. As they are low gardens, they always have a raised area, preferably a balcony, so that they can be seen in detail.
The Arabs designed these gardens to enjoy the sound of water and long walks surrounded by aromatic and flowering plants . It is a place created for reflection, so its spaces are found behind narrow passages and lattices. Water is the main element of the garden.
The Arab garden is located in the large central ditches, fountains and fountains, always accompanied by structures such as arched doors and vaults, all decorated with brightly colored tiles and other pieces carved on the stone.
The function of the Mediterranean garden is to protect from heat, so typical plants of the region are used that are resistant to heat and lack of water. For this reason, trees with a globose crown are sought to achieve the greatest possible shade. It is also common to see fruit trees and rockery with aromatic plants , such as rosemary. The structural elements are usually painted white.
The Japanese garden is one of the most valued for its complexity and search for perfection when recreating typical natural areas of large forests and mountains in small spaces.
The fundamental elements are rocks, water and vegetation that is allowed to grow naturally. In addition, the architectural elements are introduced in the garden seeking a harmony with the landscape . Hence, there is a close relationship between the bridges that cross the lagoons, or the tea houses that are arranged after a walk among the trees and shrubs of the garden. Another peculiarity are the Zen-like elements, which are placed to maximize the feeling of peace and reflection.
Feng Shui Garden
The gardens Feng Shui , also known as Zen gardens , seeking a balance between buildings and landscape. Therefore, in this search for the meaning and symbolism of each element that composes it, everything must be placed in the correct direction and space. In addition, it is sought that each element of the garden is highlighted at the same level as the rest, therefore we cannot speak of a greater presence of water, rocks or plants, but of a complete harmony in order to achieve a space for reflection and meditation. .
Created in order to provide a green space in crowded cities, vertical gardens need the same care as conventional ones. However, they are much more versatile when it comes to being placed, both outdoors and indoors.
In the same way, plants in vertical gardens do not suffer when it comes to rooting vertically, it is only necessary to root the plants between the two sheets of fibrous component and fix them to the wall where they are going to be placed. All kinds of plants can be used, but succulent and aromatic plants are recommended for beginners.
Sustainable or xerophilous garden
The sustainable gardens seek, through the use of techniques and resources, an efficient method for development of plants without consuming much space and not much care. It is about achieving the reproduction of the different plant species, generally of autochthonous species and of the xerophilous type, to increase the percentage of humidity in the area. These gardens should not need any watering or pruning care, they should be completely self-sufficient with the selection of plants chosen for it.
This is another of the types of gardens that are composed entirely of plants capable of adapting to low-watering conditions and that only need the contribution of rainwater for their growth . For this, it is recommended to plow and oxygenate the land used for its creation to promote plant growth. In the same way, it is common to find desert plants and trees with large or globose crowns, as in the Mediterranean garden, to keep the rest of the species that make up the garden from the heat.
By choosing suitable plants, tropical gardens can be recreated in any area, although it is recommended that they be built in preferably humid areas with stable temperatures. They differ from other gardens by providing dense areas of vegetation , with colorful plants and large leaves that are found in a disorderly way forming small shaded paths. They do not need pruning, as they seek a feeling of wild nature. The use of ponds is also recommended.
Water gardens are created around a pond , but this does not mean that we can only use aquatic plants . The intention of this type of garden is to create a small aquatic ecosystem where it is natural to also include animal species such as fish (such as carp), small reptiles (such as some species of turtles) and amphibians (such as some species of frogs). In addition, when using typical riverside plants, it is recommended to use fleshy and aromatic plants to promote the sensation of freshness.