Geranium is one of the most common decorative plants in gardens. You can find different species but, in all cases, it is a very aesthetic plant due to the numerous and showy flowers that are, which can range from more common colors such as red, pink and white, to less common ones such as purple, yellow or even orange. It is a plant that also has benefits in natural cosmetics, so its oil is very common in the treatment of skin problems or ailments caused by bumps and bruises.
If you want to know what geranium care is and also some of its main characteristics, keep reading because in the following lines we show you a complete and practical guide for the care of these plants.
The scientific name of geranium is Geranium , whose original name comes from the Greek. This name is that of the genus of plants that encompasses all species of geranium, but there is a great variety of them, as well as its relatives of the genera Pelargonium and Sarcocaulon , among others, which all belong to the Geraniaceae family. ( Geraniaceae ) . Some of the best known species are:
- Geranium columbinum L.
- Geranium dissectum L.
- Geranium dolomiticum L.
- Geranium lucidum L.
- Geranium molle L.
- Geranium nodosum L.
- Geranium phaeum L.
- Geranium pratense L.
- Geranium pusillum L.
- Geranium pyrenaicumBurm.
- Geranium robertianum L.
- Geranium rotundifoliumL.
- Geranium sanguineum L.
- Geranium sylvaticum L.
- Pelargonium angustifolium L’Hér. ex Harv. & Sond.
- Pelargonium graveolensL’Hér.
- Pelargonium cotyledonis(L.) L’Hér.
- Pelargonium signoides(L.) L’Hér.
- Pelargonium citrosumVoigt ex Sprague
- Pelargonium insularis
- Pelargonium hortorumLHBailey
- Sarcocaulon camdeboense Moffett
- Sarcocaulon ciliatumMoffett
- Sarcocaulon crassicauleRehm
- Sarcocaulon curraliHeckel
Once some of the most commonly seen species have been introduced into homes and parks, we explain the care of geraniums in a practical way :
Light and location
Geraniums are plants that need a lot of sun . Regardless of the type of geranium in question, it is essential that they are located in full sun, both during the summer and winter months. Likewise, during the coldest periods it is important that they are adequately protected from low temperatures and especially from frost. In this sense, it is recommended that, in the case of living in a place where winters are especially cold, geraniums should be brought indoors during these periods of colder temperatures, so in these places it is better to always have them in a pot. Once inside the house, it is essential to place them near a window with plenty of light.
Regarding irrigation, it is important to water them often , especially during the summer months, when evaporation from the soil is greater. In general, they support damp soils well, although it is recommended not to flood the pots to avoid the possibility that their roots can rot.
On the other hand, it is also important to bear in mind that geranium is a plant that needs frequent fertilization if the geranium flowers, as well as the plant itself, are to be strong and look bright. To do this, it is best to dilute a little natural compost suitable for geraniums in the irrigation water every 15 days or once a month.
The geranium plant needs pruning with some frequency. There are twice a year when pruning the geranium plant is going to be especially important, which are in early spring and early to mid fall . In spring to get the plant to gain strength with a view to the new flowering season, and in autumn to remove the remains of branches and dried flowers.
Likewise, it must be borne in mind that the geranium flower usually dries up after a few days. When this happens, it is important that these dried flowers are pruned independently of the rest of the plant, as it will be the best way for the geranium plant to concentrate all its strength on new flowers and grow healthy and strong.
The pests geraniums are very characteristic. On the one hand you can find pests caused by worms, insects and arachnids.
It is common to find defoliator caterpillars , which are easy to recognize, both by their size and by the bitten leaves that they leave after eating. On the other hand, you can also find ants, aphids , whiteflies and spider mites , which are pests in geraniums that can kill them quite quickly, so it is important to apply some type of organic insecticide as soon as they are detected. that can damage geraniums irreparably.
To know the meaning of geranium, first you have to think that it is in the word Geranium where its main meaning originates. Although there are different interpretations about the meaning of his name, since in Greek it could literally mean ” that beautiful flower “, most of the interpretations that are made today affirm that his name means ” crane “. This meaning of the geranium would come from its fruit, by whose shape it would be reminiscent of the crane’s beak, which would be the origin of the name in Greek, from where it would have passed to Latin and, finally, to Spanish.
Regarding the language of flowers, that is, the cultural meaning that we give them, we find that geranium can have different meanings , depending on the color of its flower:
- Red: I prefer you or I like you.
- Dark red or garnet: melancholy.
- Rosa: affection and harmony.
- White: purity and happiness.
- Yellow and orange: joy and positivity.
Geranium essential oil
One of the uses of geranium is found in its essential oil , which has similar properties to rose oil but being that of geranium much cheaper as its production is cheaper. The geranium essential oil has different uses, among which stands out to be a good facial tonic for care and treatment of skin conditions such as acne or atopic skin .
Likewise, when applied directly to the skin after a blow or bruise, it has the ability to reduce pain and inflammation . Finally, the essential oil of geranium is also an excellent tonic that serves to hydrate the skin , and that can be used both on the face and on the rest of the body.
More specifically, among the properties of geranium essential oil and its benefits and uses we find:
- Stimulates circulation
- Tonic and restorative
- Nervous or relaxing
Benefits and uses
- Facilitates relaxation.
- Relieves muscle aches and neuralgia.
- Helps stop minor bleeding.
- Improves menstrual and premenstrual cramps.
- Improves circulation.
- Relieves pain from varicose veins.
- Relieves tired legs.
- Reduce fatigue.
- Helps lower fever.