Wondering which are the most suitable aquatic plants for ponds or lagoons? If you have space in your garden or land and you are thinking of adding a pond, surely, one of the doubts that will have arisen will be what type of aquatic plants to put in the pond and what plants to put around it. We advise you to consult a specialist for better advice, explaining well the details of your area, but also from EcologíaVerde we want to help you get to know these plants better so that you can decide more easily.
For this reason, we have prepared this article on more than 50 aquatic plants for ponds, lakes and lagoons , among which you can find floating plants, for deep waters, for margins or banks, oxygenators and marshes.
Types of aquatic plants for ponds, lakes and lagoons
Before explaining the names of aquatic plants for ponds and talking a little about their main characteristics, we want to indicate that, in a general way, this type of vegetation can be classified into three large groups of aquatic plants :
- Bank or margin plants.
- Floating plants.
- Plants for deep waters.
To decide which species of aquatic plants for ponds and lagoons are the best for your garden or terrain, we recommend that you consult an expert and take into account a series of important aspects when deciding the species:
- What is the size or dimensions of the pond?
- Is it just a decorative or natural pond or is it also for bathing or playing?
- How much sun does it receive throughout the day?
- What is the average temperature throughout the year?
- Will there be fish or other animals?
Floating aquatic plants
Surely you have heard or have ever seen floating plants, those that stay on the surface of the water. If you wonder what are the floating plants for ponds to be able to know them and decide whether to put some in your outdoor area and which one, pay attention because these are the most common species of floating aquatic plants for ponds :
- Pistia or water lettuce
- Water hyacinth or camalot
- Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
- Salvinia natans or water fern
- Aloid stratoids
Aquatic plants for deep-sea ponds
If in your case the pond you have at home is rather deep because you have enough land, or it is even a natural pond that was there before, we recommend that you also consider using the plants for ponds that are deep water :
- Nymphaea odorata alba blanca
- Nymphaea alba white
- Nymphaea gladstoniana
- Nymphaea chromatella
- Yellow Nymphaea gladstoniana
- Nymphaea carnea pink
- Nymphaea rose arey rose
- Nymphaea laydekeri rosea red
- Nymphaea atraction red
- Nymphaea stellata red
- Nymphaea vill. yellow benetti
Also, as in this type of waters it is easier for there to be more biodiversity, these are also plants for fish ponds and amphibians.
Riverbank or margin aquatic plants
To decorate and give more life to your pond, you should definitely plant some plants on the shore as well. In this area you can plant both aquatic plants, ensuring that their roots remain in the water but on the edge of it, or plants that are not strictly water but do grow well if they are close to it, being able to place them at half a meter or something over shore.
These are the riverside or margin aquatic plants for ponds that we encourage you to place in your garden:
- Caltha palustris
- Cyperus papyrus
- Cyperus alternifolius
- Equisetum arvense
- Glyceria variegata
- Iris pseudoachorus
- Iris sibirica
- Glauca reeds
- Juncus maritimus
- Reeds inflexus
- Juncus acutus
- Aquatic mentha
- Misolis palustris
- Pontederia lanceolata
- Pontederia cordata
- Schoenoplectus lacustris
- Scirpus cebreinus
- Scirpus lacustris
- Thalia dealbata
- Tipha latifolia
- Minimal tipha
- Veronica vegabunda
Oxygenating aquatic plants
Apart from the previous classification of the three main groups, there are other ways to classify the different types of aquatic plants for ponds , as for example we can talk about oxygenating or oxygenating plants that are those that help to renew the oxygen in the water.
These are the different types of oxygenating plants for ponds that we recommend:
- Cerarophyllum demersum
- Elodea crispus
- Canadian Elodea
- Myriophyllum aquaticum
- Myriophyllum verticillatum
- Normal Vallisneria
- Vallisneria gigantea
- Vallisneria tortifolia
What is a marsh plant for ponds
Apart from the oxygenating pond plants and the above classification, there are other types or ways to classify water plants. Finally, we will talk about the ideal marsh plants for ponds in which we want there to be enough biodiversity.
But what are marsh plants? These are plants that have vertical leaves, following the stem, and that protrude from the water or from the edge or shore. They are ideal for shallow water areas or for margins or riverbanks, as this is where they thrive best. In addition, its roots help regulate the pond water, providing oxygen, nutrients and filtering impurities.
They are also interesting to place in a pond in your garden because they attract animals, or you can place them there, since they serve as a refuge for different species of dragonflies, butterflies and other insects, frogs and other amphibians and birds.
Among the marsh plants for ponds we recommend: