What do plants need to live?

Plants are one of the most abundant and important organisms we can find on planet earth. In fact, the life of animals depends entirely on them, since they form the basis of the trophic chain, so without them ecosystems as we know them would be impossible.

If you want to know what plants need to live and why they are so important and special to other living things and to our entire planet in general, read on and we will tell you.

In contrast to animals and fungi, they are autotrophic organisms, that is, they get their food and everything they need for life from the environment around them and not from other living organisms, in this way they form the basis of the trophic since they are herbivorous animals which in turn feed carnivores, in this way they form the basis of every ecosystem, in fact one of the main properties of plants is photosynthesis, other vital processes.

This process takes place in the leaves, where chlorophyll accumulates, the substance that gives them their distinctive green color and which is responsible for converting solar energy into chemical energy that these organisms can use. Makes plants special.

Is it light enough for plants to live and grow healthily?

However, light is one of the fundamental elements that plants need to live and grow healthily, although it is precisely because of photosynthesis that it is the most characteristic element that says that plants only need light. to live would be an exaggeration and a mistake. In fact, plants need to ingest many types of substances from the environment in which they occur, and in the right amounts, which means that an excess of light is just as harmful as a lack of it. In addition, it must also be taken into account that not all plants are created equal, which means that depending on the species and the special characteristics of each cimen species, they will need more or less light and some care.

What a Plant Needs to Live

These are the basic elements plants need to live and grow well, as each species generally needs more specific elements or quantities.


First of all, it should not be overlooked that a plant needs a number of specific substances in order to nourish and build up its cells. These substances are minerals of very different nature (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, etc.). of the soil in which plants grow, that is, they do this through the roots. The roots are that part of any plant that stays underground and which, although we do not see it, is essential for its growth, as it is through the roots that the plant absorbs the greatest amount of the substances it can needs to live, in fact, the roots are covered by a series of microscopic villi that are responsible for absorbing the minerals found in the environment, generally in the earth. While it may seem that plants need the earth to live, this statement is incorrect as they do not need the earth but the minerals present in the earth for hydroponic plants. D These types of plants immerse the roots of the plants in a mixture of water with the minerals they need for development, so it must not be forgotten that plants really need minerals and not the soil itself.


The other of the basic elements that plants ingest through their roots is water. Water is one of the most important elements as it is essential for every living organism. In the case of plants, water is absorbed through the roots. , also through the villi, which are responsible for the uptake of minerals from the environment, is therefore always watered in the soil near the roots and not in the stem or in the leaves, since the function of these parts of the plant is air.

A living plant is necessary for the air it carries through the leaves. The air that plants take in is different from that, the animals breathe the other and vice versa. Plants absorb CO2 from the air at least most of the time in order to complete the photosynthesis process mentioned above.This process involves a chemical reaction that breaks down the CO2 molecules, giving the plant the carbon it needs and releasing the O2 molecules, the oxygen that the animals breathe, into the environment. the hours of darkness, in this case they remove oxygen from the air and emit CO2, so that when the light is exposed again they are normal again c

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