The botanical world offers us a wide range of different plant species. From gigantic trees to small herbs, through flowering and non-flowering plants. Of these two types there are precisely a large number of species that are very popular to decorate interior and exterior spaces. A good combination between only green plants and others with flowers of different colors can beautify our environment considerably.
In this article, we will talk about the differences that exist between flowering and non-flowering plants, in addition to putting 9 examples of both types. If you are interested in the subject and want to beautify your home, I recommend that you continue reading.
What are the differences between flowering plants and non-flowering plants?
Apart from the obvious difference that flowering plants have flowers and non-flowering plants do not, there is another aspect by which they are distinguished. The main difference between flowering plants and non-flowering plants is the way they reproduce. While the former do it sexually, spreading their seeds through the wind and insects, the latter do it asexually.
But what is asexual reproduction? It is one in which various parts of the plant participate. Normally, these plants are able to grow when we only plant a piece of the stem, a branch or its roots. From that piece, a completely new organism begins to develop, but just like the parent.
What plants have flowers all year round?
It is very common to plant, grow and care for plants throughout the year waiting for spring to arrive to see how they bloom. But did you know that there are plants that have flowers throughout the year? Yes that’s how it is. This is because some plant species have great resistance to low temperatures, which allows them to flourish in other seasons of the year such as autumn and even winter. Since we will expose 9 examples of flowering and non-flowering plants, let’s see which ones have flowers throughout the year.
Among the flowering plants, alegrías stand out. They are very colorful and brighten up any home, which is why the names come in handy. They require a lot of light and do not support air very well, so you will have to look carefully where to place them so that they do not spoil. As for watering, it should be moderate, but avoiding the soil from drying out. We can find alegrías in different colors such as red, white or pink in different shades.
Another year-round flowering plant is the penta. It is a shrub that has small flowers that can be white, pink, lilac or red. These are grouped in fluffy and beautiful clusters, making this plant a perfect decorative element for the garden. The penta can reach a height of 60 centimeters. Regarding the care, it does not require much. It is usually enough to water it three times a week and provide it with good drainage.
Without a doubt, geranium is one of the most popular flowering plants for decorating balconies and terraces. This is not surprising, since it provides beautiful and colorful flowers throughout the year and is easy to care for, as it is very resistant. During the hottest months you have to water it almost daily and add a little compost once a month to provide it with the minerals, vitamins and nutrients necessary for the geranium to flourish.
Although verbena mostly blooms from late spring to late summer, it can flower throughout the year if the right conditions are maintained. This pretty and colorful plant constantly needs sunshine and moderate watering every day, whether it is in the ground or in a pot.
Purslane is a succulent plant that not only serves to decorate the home with its beautiful yellow flowers, but also offers numerous medicinal properties. It has a great resistance and blooms all year long as long as the temperature is pleasant. It should receive a little direct sun and irrigation is recommended twice a week.
The African violet also offers us flowers throughout the year. This indoor plant needs a lot of light in order to grow and develop. In summer it is advisable to water this vegetable three times a week, while in winter it will be enough to water it once every two weeks. In addition, it is advisable to apply a fertilizer every 15 days so that it blooms better.
Lavender couldn’t be missing from this list of plants that bloom all year round. This is one of the best known due to its aroma and its use in various cosmetic, hygiene and home products. Apart from its fragrance, lavender is also characterized by its beautiful purple flowers. As for the care, this plant requires two weekly waterings and a monthly pruning for good maintenance.
Calvelina is another plant that has flowers throughout the year, either in a pot or in the garden. This precious vegetable mixes different colors, which provides a lively and cheerful touch in our home. To take good care of it, it must be in the sun for at least six hours a day. It is also important to water it once a day.
We end this list with begonia, a beautiful plant with large flowers of different colors. In order for it to flower well all year round, we must place it in a well-lit area and water it moderately. Also the compost should be moderate every two weeks. Otherwise, we could damage the plant.
What are the plants that do not have flowers?
As we have already mentioned above, the main difference between flowering and non-flowering plants is the way they reproduce. Those that do not have flowers do so asexually. Since they do not have any reproductive organs, they are not capable of producing fruit or seeds. Another particular feature of these types of vegetables is that they tend to have a fairly intense green hue. In addition, in the case of ferns, plants without flowers have strong stems and large leaves that favor the absorption of nutrients. Within the plants without flowers we can distinguish several groups:
Bryophytes or mosses
First we have the bryophytes, also known as mosses. As they do not have conductive tissues, these types of plants without flowers feed directly on the dispersed particles that are found both in the land and in the water. Due to their lack of conductive vessels, each of the cells that make up these plants has to individually come into contact with water and light in order to photosynthesize. For this reason, it is very common to associate mosses with humid places with little light. The number of bryophyte species is very high and they form colonies on rocks, on land and in water.
Pteridophytes or ferns
Other plants without flowers are pteridophytes or ferns. Unlike mosses, ferns do have conductive vessels through which sage circulates. In addition, its size is greater than that of bryophytes. The reproduction of pteridophytes takes place through spores and they normally inhabit humid environments. Thanks to their wide variety and resistance, ferns are one of the most popular species to decorate both indoor and outdoor spaces.
Anthocerotophyta or anthoceros
Anthocerotophyta, also called anthoceras, are non-vascular flowering plants native to the tropics, although today they can be found anywhere in the world. They have a flattened, leaf-shaped body, also known as the thalamus. The anthocera structure is long and cylindrical. Their habitat is usually aquatic, humid and shady environments.
Equisetos or horse tails
Equisettes, known as horsetails, are also non-flowering plants. These have rhizomes and can be up to a meter tall. They have herbaceous, articulated and branched stems. Regarding their reproduction, they have a structure called the strobilus, which is made up of scales that keep the spores. Once they have matured, they open up. Horsetails prefer moist, nutrient-rich soils. It is for this reason that it is very common to find them on the banks of ditches and in growing areas.
Along with hornworts and mosses, liver plants are part of non-vascular non-flowering plants. They are characterized by being of medium size and having a varied coloration that helps them to photosynthesize. They generally grow in a wide variety of places, such as rocks, ravines, trunks, and tree branches.
9 examples of plants without flowers
Below we are going to see a list of the nine most common and easy-to-find non-flowering plants in both nurseries and florists:
- Abies pinsapo
- Adiantum capillus-veneris
- Araucaria heterophylla
- Blechnum gibbum
- Cycas revoluta
- Dicksonia antarctica
- Equisetum sylvaticum
- Pinus halepensis
- Sequoia sempervirens
Now that you know some examples of plants with flowers and without flowers and what their main differences are, it only remains to plant them and take care of them properly so that our garden or our home is more beautiful and cheerful. Plants, whether they have flowers or not, always look great.