Since we haven’t done a short botany class in a long time, how about we talk about the microelements that your plants need in order to grow and develop properly? Although the fertilizers that we find in garden stores and in nurseries will be very useful to us to cover the needs of essential chemical elements, we rarely think about those that, although in smaller quantities, we must also give them.
We are going to see the different microelements that exist, as well as their function.
essential chemical elements
First of all, let’s remember what the three chemical elements that should not be missing are for:
- Nitrogen – Helps the growth of stems and leaves. In addition, it prevents the yellowing of the leaves, and it is essential for photosynthesis to be carried out by synthesizing chlorophyll.
- Phosphorus : the element of growth. Without it, plants could not grow. Strengthens the development of the roots, stimulates the formation of flower buds and the development of fruits.
- Potassium : it is the ally of plants against pests and diseases, as well as weather phenomena such as drought or frost. As if that were not enough, it regulates photosynthesis, since with it the starches and sugars that the plant needs can be formed.
The microelements that our plants need most are: iron, manganese, zinc, copper, boron, molybdenum, chlorine and nickel.
- Iron : It is essential for the production of chlorophyll.
- Manganese – helps cellular respiration.
- Zinc : an element that is also very important in the production of chlorophyll, and is also involved in the conservation of plant growth hormones, auxins.
- Copper : is involved in photosynthesis, and is essential for the plant to have an adequate balance of bioelements that regulate perspiration.
- Boron – Boron stimulates plant growth by promoting cell division, flowering, and seed production.
- Molybdenum : it is vital to fix Nitrogen from the atmosphere.
- Chlorine : promotes growth and strengthens the plant’s defense system.
- Nickel : nickel turns out to be an essential microelement for the feeding of plant beings, since it influences the metabolism of urea formation.
Thus, it is highly recommended to combine chemical fertilizers with natural fertilizers , such as compost or earthworm humus.