Root parts of a plant

The root is a very important part of the plant: thanks to it, it can remain well attached to the ground, feed itself and, therefore, also grow . It is an organ that is normally underground, that is, it is below ground level; however, there are those that are aerial and aquatic.

Knowing the parts of the root of a plant is very interesting , as it will help you to know more about the magnificent plant kingdom.


  • 1 What is root?
    • 1.1 Types
  • 2 What are its parts?

What is the root?

tree roots

The root is an organ that grows in the opposite direction to the stem , which is what is known as positive geotropism.


According to its structure:

  • Axonomorphic : they are those that are formed by a thick main root and others that come out of the main, thinner one.
  • Fasciculated : they are those that do not have a main root.
  • Napiformes : they are those that have a main root that accumulates reserve substances, so that it thickens much more than the rest.
  • Tuberous : they are roots that resemble the fasciculate ones, but in all of them they accumulate reserve substances so they experience a thickening.
  • Branched – do not have a main root. They are quite similar to the branches of a tree.

Depending on your location:

  • Adventitious : they are those that some plants develop to be able to spread or climb.
  • Aquatic : are those that live in water.
  • Suckers : they are the ones that get inside another plant to absorb its sap.

What are its parts?

Roots of the Verschaffeltia palm tree

Although not all roots have all these parts, in general we will find:

  • Neck : it is the part that is located just at ground level.
  • Branching zone : it is the part where the secondary roots begin to form.
  • Piliferous area or absorbent hairs : it is covered with hairs that are responsible for absorbing water and mineral salts from the soil.
  • Zone of growth or cell division : it is the zone where root growth takes place.
  • Cap : it is a cap that protects the tip of the root so that it is not damaged as it is introduced into the interior of the soil.
Root parts of a plant

Leave a Reply

Scroll to top
%d bloggers like this: