There are different types of soils in the world and each of them has unique characteristics that must be paid attention to in gardening. The soil determines the specific needs of plants and even limits the species cultivated.
But this is not the only thing, the different types of dreams also determine the work that we will have to do outside because if we grow plants that are not suitable for the characteristics of a soil, we will have to do additional work to adapt the soil to the needs of that plant.
- 1 Alkaline soils
- 2 Salty soils
Within the types of existing soils, today we will stop at one that is very common to find: alkaline soil . Here we are talking about that soil that is diametrically opposed to acid soil, it is a sweet soil to which few plants adapt and that is why it is necessary to know if we have this soil in our green space in order to take the necessary precautions.
Alkaline soils are somewhat treacherous as they lead plants to suffer from iron chlorosis, that is, iron deficiency, something that is noticed because the leaves turn yellow and then fall.
To establish the PH of the soil you only need a PH measurement kit, which you can get at any nursery or garden store. If the result is 7 and above, you are facing an alkaline soil, since 7 is a neutral PH, that is, a neutral soil, and below that and up to -7 we speak of an increasingly acidic soil.
In the case of having alkaline soil in the garden, you can grow fuchsias, zinnias, boxwood, clematis wallflowers, fig trees, tulips and a garlic plant as these crops adapt without problems to these sweet soils.
What about salty soils ? First of all, let’s define what they are. This type of soil is related to the salinity of the soil , that is, the amount of salt they present. It is difficult for plants to grow in soils with very high salinity because then the roots cannot absorb the water, which leads to the edges of the leaves drying up and turning brown.
But the good news is that there are a few species that can survive in salty soils or soils with higher than average salinity. This happens with a variety of trees and shrubs such as acacia, rosemary, heather, laurel, carob, cypress, olive, pomegranate and eucalyptus . Others to consider include date palm, fan palm, bougainvillea, passion flower, kalanchoe, chrysanthemums, bunnies, and geranium . And an extra bonus if you like aromatic plants? Lavender and verbena .