Tropical trees: the mangosteen

The mangosteen is a tropical tree that provides very good shade and also produces fruits that are edible, with a flavor similar to that of citrus fruits. Its scientific name is Garcinia mangostana , and it grows in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.

Although, due to its origin, it cannot be grown outdoors in cold climates, it is a very interesting plant if you live in an area where frost does not occur.


  • 1 Characteristics of mangosteen
  • 2 How do you take care of yourself?

Characteristics of mangosteen


It is an evergreen tree that grows between 7 and 25 meters high, with a crown that can measure between 4 and 6m. Its foliage is very dense, with large, oval, opposite leaves. The fruit has an exocarp (bark or shell) that is purple when ripe; inside is the edible meat, the aril, which is white.

Its growth rate is medium-fast, so if you are looking for a plant that gives you shade and fruits, and you live in an area with a mild climate, the mangosteen may be one of your best options .

How is it taken care of?


To have a specimen (or several) of this precious tree, the following care must be provided:

  • Location : outside, in full sun or partial shade.
  • Watering : frequent, 3-4 times a week.
  • Fertilizer : during the warmer months, it is advisable to fertilize with liquid organic fertilizers, such as guano.
  • Transplantation : whether you want to move to the garden or to a larger pot -which must be done every two years- you have to wait for spring.
  • Pruning : not necessary. However, it is advisable to cut dry, weak and/or diseased branches.
  • Rusticity : it is very sensitive to cold. Temperatures below 4ºC can kill an adult tree.
Tropical trees: the mangosteen

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