One way to ensure that plants obtain not only water, but also the humidity they need is through sprinkler irrigation. This system is very interesting, because despite what it may seem, it does not consume as much water as furrow or flood irrigation. And that’s not to mention that it has many more advantages that are really interesting.
So let’s see what sprinkler irrigation is and what you need to install it in your garden.
- 1 What is it?
- 2 What is needed to install it?
- 3 What are the advantages and disadvantages?
- 3.1 Advantages
- 3.2 Drawbacks
It is a way of »imitating» the rain . The rain, if it falls softly but constantly, allows the roots of the plants to absorb it better than if it falls torrentially, since the earth has more than enough time to filter it inward. Therefore, sprinkler irrigation is a highly recommended method for watering plants that are growing, for example, in calcareous soils or with a tendency to compact, although of course it can be installed in gardens or orchards that have another type of soil without problems.
What is needed to install it?
To be able to install this type of irrigation system you will need the following:
- Water source : well, river, lake, reservoir.
- Power source : electrical, photovoltaic, fuel, gravitational, etc.
- Sprinkler Irrigation – Sprinkler heads, pipes, valves and filters, plus elbows and tees to tie it all together.
What are the advantages and disadvantages?
The advantages of this irrigation system are the following :
- It can be used on sloping terrain.
- The water is gently distributed over the entire desired area.
- Water can be dosed.
- Water consumption is less than that required by other systems, such as flood irrigation.
The drawbacks are as follows :
- During the warm months, the water that remains on the leaves combined with the high temperatures can cause the appearance of fungi.
- Water consumption is greater than that required by the drip irrigation system.
- The distance between the sprinklers must be well determined to achieve a uniformity coefficient that exceeds 80%.
Has it been useful to you?