It is impossible to have a green lawn without water. Some places are lucky enough to receive the necessary amount of rainwater, for the rest, automatic irrigation is the best way to supply water to the entire garden.
Table of Contents
- 1 Benefits of an automatic irrigation system
- 2 Installation of the automatic irrigation system
- 3 Types of automatic irrigation
- 3.1 Drip irrigation
- 3.2 Spray hazard
- 4 How much water, time and how often should I water?
- 5 Components of the automatic irrigation system
Benefits of an automatic irrigation system
People who install irrigation systems will reap great benefits, but the environment will also benefit from this.
An automatic irrigation system will save you a lot of time, since you can have your timers set so that the irrigation takes place at the time that best suits the landscape and climate in which you live. You can go on vacation knowing that your garden will stay green and your flowers will bloom when you return.
With an automatic irrigation system you do not waste or spend money, since everything is programmed. These systems have water sensors, so each drop is used only when needed.
Regardless of the type of automatic irrigation system you install, there will be greater water savings. Every drop is used and not wasted. You can save up to 50% more water than you would normally use with more conventional irrigation methods.
Installation of the automatic irrigation system
An automatic irrigation system is placed on the ground and is driven by a clock. Some of the lawn will need to be dug up to install pipes and connect them to the home’s plumbing system.
It may be more caro to install and maintain, but the results will pay off in the long run. Professional installation is required, but once installed, you can program your irrigation system according to your need. Regular maintenance of the system is also important, to ensure that it always works properly.
Types of automatic irrigation
It is the process of cordoning off your garden area with irrigation lines that penetrate the soil and feed the roots of your plants, gradually “dripping” water onto them. This is a very effective system for a small garden.
Sprinkler irrigation is the opposite of drip irrigation. Instead of supplying water directly to the roots, this is supplied above in the form of rain provided by sprinklers. Sprinklers can cover large areas.
How much water, time and how often should I water?
The amount varies depending on the type of soil. Here’s how to test your sprinkler output, so you can adjust run time:
- Set up a bucket and run your sprinklers for 15 minutes.
- Use a ruler to measure the depth of the water in the bucket.
- This number is the average amount of water sprayed in 15 ‘.
We show you some characteristic output numbers, for common plant irrigation systems.
Drip emitter: 15 to 18 liters per hour.
Sprinkler: 7 to 18 liters per minute.
Manguera: 7 to 18 liters per minute.
If you use drip emitters, adjusts the number and size of emitters, so that your plants get the water they need between two and six hours.
Components of the automatic irrigation system
Irrigation emitters– This is the method through which the water is delivered to the garden. There are many different options such as sprinklers, diffusers, underground irrigation or drip pipes.
Cables and connectors– These items connect the irrigation controller to the valves.
Irrigation system sensors– These are add-on units that connect to an automatic irrigation controller to modify the programmed irrigation cycle.
TuberíaYour irrigation system will be made up of many pipes, both on the sprinkler side and on the water supply side.
Controladores: these are essentially electronic timers, which are programmable to turn your irrigation valves on and off at specific times
Bomb: the choice of pump has a great influence on an irrigation system. Ensure the use of the perfect pump, you can save money in terms of maintenance, energy and water costs.