9 types of pines, the best to grow in gardens

Pines are conifers that tend to grow very fast, and can also be used as windbreak hedges or to protect the privacy of the site. While it is true that their roots tend to grow several meters away from the trunk, they are plants that look great in a garden.

In addition, there are many types of pines. Some varieties have even been obtained with a low bearing, ideal for beautifying small plots.

The Pine trees They are evergreen conifers found practically all over the world. Their trunks tend to twist as the years go by, and their crown is almost always rounded but somewhat irregular. They belong to the genus Pinus, of which we highlight the following species:

Canary pine

View of Pinus canariensis

El canary pine it is natural, as its name suggests, from the Canary Islands. It is a tree that reaches 40 meters in heightand that develops a trunk up to 2,5 meters in diameter whose bark is light brown in color. The leaves are, like those of the rest of pines, acicular, and are between 20 and 30 centimeters long.

Pinus shade

Stone pine grows in Europe

The stone pine, known as cembra pine or simply cembro, it is an evergreen tree up to 25 meters high a native of Central Europe. It is typical of this species to have needles grouped by 5 in its brachiblast (which would be the branch, from which they sprout). As a curiosity, you should know that it maintains a very special relationship with the common nutcracker, since it is he who is in charge, without knowing it, of dispersing its seeds by taking them away from the mother plant and by burying them at different points.

propagating through a pine forest (Pinus halepensis).

Pinus halepensis, a type of pine

El Aleppo pine It is a type of pine that grows in the Mediterranean region, where it is even found on the beaches. Reaches 25 meters in heightand presents a tortuous trunk with whitish gray bark and an irregular crown. The needles are grouped two by two and are very flexible.

Pinus mugo

Pinus mugo is a type of mountain pine

El mountain pine It is typical of Central Europe, where it grows in the high mountains at an altitude of between 1500 and 2500 meters. Reaches a height of 20 metersand develops a thick and somewhat tortuous trunk with a rounded crown. Its needles are green, very strong and sharp.

Black pine

Pinus nigra is a fast growing conifer

El black pine or Salgareño pine as it is also called, it is a species native to southern Europe, reaching Spain, and is also found in North Africa and Asia Minor. It grows between 20 and 55 meters in heightand has a trunk with a brownish-gray or dark gray bark. The needles are dark green in color, and are 8 to 20 centimeters long.

Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii

It is the subspecies that grows in Spain, especially in the eastern half of the Iberian Peninsula, and in northwestern Africa. The main differences are that it’s something smaller (measures up to 40 meters high) and resists drought better than the type species. Of course, in Andalusia it is on the Red List of endangered species.

Pinus pinaster

The Pinus pinaster is a variety of pine

El maritime pine It is a species native to southern Europe, and North Africa that grows between 20 and 35 meters in heightwith a trunk up to 1,2 meters in diameter. The rind is orange-red in color, and its crown is open and irregular. The needles are grouped two by two, and are between 10 and 22 centimeters long.

Pine cone

Pinus pinea, the stone pine

Is stone pine. Originally from the Mediterranean region, reaches a maximum height of 50 meters or morebeing the normal 12 meters, with a straight and thick trunk whose bark is orange-brown. Their needles are up to 20 centimeters long, and sprout from branches that are often arranged in a parasol.

A heavy pine tree

The Pinus ponderosa is a perennial conifer

It is known as ponderoso pine or American royal pine, and it is a conifer native to the eastern United States. It grows between 40 and 70 meters in height at mostand can have between 2 and 3 needles for each brachiblast. The bark is brown, and its needles are about 15 centimeters long.

Radiant pine

There are many types of pines, including the Pinus radiata

El Monterrey pine, also known as the California pine, is a conifer that grows in the southwestern United States. Reaches a height of 45 metersand its trunk is straight with a reddish-brown bark. Their needles are 15 centimeters long, and are green or bluish-green in color.

(Pinus sylvestris)

Scots pine is a type of European pine

El Scots pine It is a conifer that reaches a height of 30 meters. It is a type of pine that grows practically throughout Europe. The trunk is thick, measuring about 5 meters in circumference, with a reddish-orange bark. The leaves are acicular, and are between 3 and 7 centimeters long.

Pine strobe

Pinus strobus is a type of pine from Asia

The Canadian pine, also known as American white pine or strobe pine, is a conifer native to eastern North America. Reaches 40 meters in heightand its trunk thickens up to 1,5 meters in diameter. Their needles are long, between 6 and 12 centimeters.

Pinus thunbergii

Pinus thunbergii is a type of pine from Asia

The Japanese Thunberg pine is a plant native to Japan. Reaches 40 meters in heightalthough when it is cultivated it is rare that it exceeds 15 meters. The leaves are acicular, and measure between 7 and 12 centimeters.

Which of these types of pines did you like the most?

9 types of pines, the best to grow in gardens

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