The Caucasian Arabis or Arabide as it is also known, it is a very resistant plant of herbaceous typeAt the same time it is long lasting and belongs to the Brassicaceae family.
It is native to Europe and has the ability to thrive in the most adverse environments. We can say that it is a plant that can be hanging or also creeping. They are very easy to grow and also grow quite well in places where there is a lot of sunlight.
When its time of flowering arrives, it does so in large quantities, usually occurring in the spring time. As for the type of soil, it does not require any special.
Characteristics of the Caucasian Arabis
The Arabide is a plant of the herbaceous class, which is only about 10 to 15 inches tall and it is quite sturdy. Sometimes, they are also known by the name of cruciferous or brassicaceae and one of their most important characteristics is their tiny flowers that have a shape very similar to a cross.
This plant is long-lasting and also lively. It is able to withstand very cold temperatures down to -35 degrees CelsiusHowever, the Arabis prefers places where the sun’s rays abound.
It is capable of growing in any type of soil, not caring if it is low in nutrients or contains a lot of stones. Its flowers have a beautiful white or a shade of lilac pink and are attached in the shape of spikes. They appear during the spring and part of the summer.
Cultivation of the Caucasian Arabis
To make this plant reproduce, we just need a little common ground that we can easily find in our garden.
Arabis can be grown with enormous ease, however, the ideal would be to plant it in a soil that has adequate drainage and place it in a place where it will be exposed to a lot of sunlight. We can also place it in a place that is partially shaded.
It is advisable to start the cultivation of Arabis in the autumn time. This plant reproduces by means of seeds.
If we want to get some cuttings, We can do it by removing the stems that have a woody appearance and at the same time letting its roots grow on a mixture of sand substrate. We must do this between spring and summer and in order to transplant it to our garden, we have to wait until autumn arrives.
Arabis seeds require significant sun exposure In order for them to start to sprout, it is also very important that we avoid covering the seed with the earth, since in this way we will prevent the adequate amount of light from reaching it.
The perfect temperature for them to sprout is between 18 and 20 ° C during the first 20 or 30 days.
Caring for Caucasian Arabis
The Caucasian Arabis, does not need specific carebeyond a soil that is well drained and that at the same time has a medium level of nutrients.
Despite being a fairly small plant, many times it tends to be lengthened, for this reason it is necessary that we cut it a littleespecially after it has finished its flowering stage.
This type of plant, in general, is not one that causes problems, however we must be extremely careful with pests and diseases that can damage our Arabis.
Caucasian Arabis pests
This plant can be a victim of undesirable insect attack such as aphids, but it can also be seriously harmed by the abortion of its buds. This is caused by a larva leaving a very small dipteran mosquito known as Dasyneura alpestris.
Said larva turns into a tiny worm of just about 2 millimeters. The most favorable thing would be to eliminate all the plants that have already been infected and make use of a specific insecticide.