Palm trees are plants that beautify gardens and patios in a spectacular way. Of the more than 3000 species that are distributed throughout the world, especially in tropical and temperate regions, there are many – if not many – that have a very high ornamental value.
Therefore, if you want to know more about them, if you would love to discover what types of palm trees are thereyou can’t miss this special item.
Our palms They can be classified in two different ways: according to the trunks it has and according to the shape of the leaves. Let’s start with the first.
Classification according to the number of logs
Single palm trees
Single palm trees are those that have a single trunklike the kentia, a palm tree that when young can be confused with the areca, which is why we leave you a video:
The unicaules are the most common of all, since for obvious reasons they occupy much less space than those with several stems. But they have a problem: if the growth guide is damaged, the vast majority of the time the specimen dies.
Some of the most interesting species are:
El coconut tree It is a palm tree that can be found on the sandy tropical beaches of the Caribbean Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific. It reaches an approximate height of 20 meters, with a crown of pinnate leaves up to 3 meters long. The fruit, the coconut, is the largest seed that exists, and can weigh up to 2kg. It does not resist cold or frost.
La royal cuban palm tree It is a species native to southern Florida, Belize, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Honduras, and some regions of Mexico and the Cayman Islands. It reaches a maximum height of 40 meters, but does not usually exceed 25m. Its leaves are pinnate, with very numerous leaflets and bifid at the apex. The trunk is ringed, smooth and with a diameter of up to 60cm. It can resist up to -2ºC as long as it is an adult and acclimatized specimen (Young seedlings cannot bear frost).
El feathery coconutAlso known as the pindó or pindó palm tree, it is a plant native to southern Brazil, Paraguay, the Argentine coast, Bolivia and Uruguay that reaches a height of about 25 meters. Its trunk is smooth, ringed, with a basal diameter of up to 60cm. The leaves are pinnate, whose lanceolate leaflets are inserted into the rachis in different rows and groupings, which is what gives it the feathery appearance. It resists without problems the frosts of until the -8ºC.
Multi-tubed palm trees
The multicaule palms are those that have several trunks. They are very decorative, but to be able to contemplate them in all their splendor it is necessary to have a certain space in the garden. Some of the most interesting are:
Known as palmetto or margallón, is a native palm of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands that reaches a height of about 4 meters. The leaves are fan-shaped, and can be green or bluish-green depending on the variety. Resists up to -10ºC.
La red palm tree It is a plant native to Sumatra that has the trunk and rachis of that color. It reaches a height of up to 12 meters, with pinnate leaves 2 meters long. The drawback is that to be able to grow it outside all year round it is necessary that the temperature and humidity be high, since it does not support the cold nor the dry environments.
This is a species of multi-stemmed palm native to Asia, specifically from southern Arabia, Iran and Pakistan that reaches a height of about 2-3m. Its leaves are fan-shaped, green or bluish depending on the variety. Resists cold and frost down to -15ºC.
Classification according to the type of blade
The leaves of palm trees can be of several types, which are the following:
The pinnae or leaflets of these palms sprout out from the rachis. Doing so ends up looking more or less feathery. Examples:
It is an endemic palm tree from Queensland, Australia that reaches 25 meters in height. Its leaves are pinnate, green, and up to 4 meters long. It is the largest of the genre, and also one of the coolest; I can still tell you that supports without damage up to -2ºC.
The capitata palm is an endemic plant of central-eastern Brazil that reaches a height of about 5 meters. Its crown is made up of pinnate and arched leaves up to 170cm in length. Resists up to -7ºC.
La date It is a palm native to Southwest Asia that reaches a height of up to 30 meters and has bluish-green pinnate leaves that measure about 2m. Produces edible dates and withstands cold down to -10ºC.
The leaflets, instead of being simple, are doubly pinnatebut they also branch into numerous pinnulate. The most representative species is:
It is a palm native to India, Laos and Thailand that reaches a height of up to 40 meters, with bipinnate leaves that can measure up to 4 meters. It has a slow growth rate and does not support frost.
This type of leaf is known as a fan-shaped leaf, since the blade looks like this. Examples are:
Known as carnaúba, caranúba palm or carnauberia, it is a native plant of northeastern Brazil that reaches a height of up to 15 meters. The leaves are fan-shaped and 1,5m wide. Does not resist frost.
Known as mexican fan palm, is a palm native to the south of the Baja California peninsula (Mexico) that reaches a height of up to 35 meters. Its leaves are fan-shaped, green. Resists up to -7ºC.
The leaves are inserted in the form of a rib. Some examples are:
It is a species native to Jamaica and Cuba that reaches a height of up to 15 meters. Its costapalmate leaves, each with 70-110 leaflets, can measure between 2 and 3 meters. Despite its origin, it resists well frosts down to -4ºC.
It is a palm native to Asia that reaches a height of up to 40 meters. Its crown is made up of spiny, green fan-shaped leaves. Resists up to -5ºC.
And with this we are done. I hope all this information has been useful to you and you can better identify the types of palm trees in the world .