Trees are a type of plant that can not be missing in any garden. They are, so to speak, the pillars of it, the structure under which everything else will grow and develop. Fortunately or unfortunately, there are many whose ornamental value is very high. Some species have spectacular flowers, others on the other hand in autumn dress in their best autumn clothes, others have such a beautiful bark that we could be looking forward to winter to be able to contemplate it in all its splendor.
What are these decorative garden trees? Well if we had to pick a few, without a doubt we would stay with the ones that we are going to introduce you to below.
Acacia dealbata (mimosa)
It’s a evergreen tree native to southeastern Australia that reaches a height between 3 and 10 meters known as fine mimosa, mimosa, common mimosa, silver mimosa, or French scent. Its leaves are green, with a fine texture. During the winter the yellow inflorescences appear in the form of a raceme.
It resists drought and loves the sun. What’s more, it is able to withstand frosts down to -5ºC.
Albizia julibrissin (Acacia of Constantinople)
It is a deciduous tree native to Iran to China that reaches a height of up to 12 meters. Also Known As: Albizia, Silk tree, Chinese Parasol, Persian Acacia, Persian Acacia or Acacia taperera, is a plant with alternate and bipinnate leaves. Its flowers, which appear in spring, are distributed in inflorescences similar to a pompom, and are pink in color.
In order to grow well, it needs to be in direct sun and be watered at least twice a week. Resists frost down to -7ºC.
Maples are deciduous trees native to temperate regions of the world. There are many species, but of course there are some that are more appropriate for gardens than others. For instance:
Maple palmate (Japanese maple)
It is a small tree or tree that can reach between 5 and 15 meters. Native mainly to Japan, they have red or green palmate leaves. In autumn they turn orange or a very intense red color.
They are perfect plants to have in small gardens, in semi-shade and with acidic soil (pH between 4 and 6). Watering has to be frequent, especially in summer. Resists up to -17ºC.
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Acer pseudoplatanus (fake banana maple)
It is a imposing tree native to southern and central Europe that reaches a height of up to 30 meters. Known as white maple, sycamore maple, fake banana, blada or bastard plantain, has large, simple opposite and falling leaves that turn orange or yellowish in autumn before falling.
It grows fast, as long as it has plenty of space and fertile, well-drained and fresh soil. Resists up to -18ºC.
Acer (red maple)
It is a tree native to North America that reaches a maximum height of 30 meters. It is known as red maple, American red maple, or Canada maple. It forms a wide column with green leaves that turn red in fall. It is a species that, despite its size, can be had in medium-sized gardens, since it tolerates pruning well.
While not very demanding, it will thrive in well-drained, lime-free soils. Resists frost down to -15ºC.
Brachychiton acerifolius (Fire tree)
This is a evergreen tree native to Australia that reaches a height of 10-12 meters. It is known by the names Brachichito, Llama Tree, Red Braquitito, Bottle Tree and Esterculea. Its leaves are formed by between 5 and 7 lobes, and have a glabrous upper surface and lower surface. The most attractive thing about it, apart from its bottle-shaped trunk, are its red bell-shaped flowers, which sprout from axillary clusters in spring.
It needs to be in full sun, and two or three weekly waterings, being more frequent in summer. Resists up to -5ºC and does not require pruning.
flower horn (Flowering dogwood)
It is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America that reaches a height of up to 10 meterswith a trunk diameter of up to 30cm. The leaves are opposite, simple, oval, green during the warm months and reddish-brown in autumn. The flowers, which sprout in spring, are distributed in inflorescences in the shape of a dense umbel, white or pink.
It is perfect for small-medium gardens, as it tolerates pruning very well and can in fact be used as a hedge. It can be planted both in full sun and in semi-shade, in neutral or slightly acidic soils. Resists up to -6ºC.
Delonix direction (flamboyant)
It’s a evergreen, semi-deciduous or deciduous tree (depending on the availability of water and the weather) native to Madagascar that reaches a height of up to 8 meters. It is known as flamboyan, flamboyant, Flame tree, malinche. Its crown is parasolate, composed of bipinnate leaves. The flowers they have are amazing: they sprout in spring and are deep red or orange (the Flavida variety).
It grows in full sun, and needs frequent watering during the warm months. Unfortunately, can’t stand the coldbut if you live in an area where frosts of down to -1ºC occur, you will surely be good at planting it in a corner sheltered from the wind.
magnolia grandiflora (magnolia)
It is a evergreen tree that grows up to 30 meters in height originally from the United States. It has a pyramidal shape, branched from the base. Its leaves are alternate, ovate-oblong, leathery, green on the upper surface and iron-colored on the underside. It blooms from spring to early summer. Its flowers are large, white and aromatic.
It is ideal for large gardens, where it can grow in acidic and cool soils. Resists up to -17ºC.
Prunus serrulata (Japanese cherry)
It’s a deciduous tree native to Japan that reaches a height of 5-6 meters known as japanese cherry, Japanese cherry or blossom cherry. Its leaves are lanceolate, first reddish, then green and red in autumn. The flowers bloom in early spring, before the leaves do, and are pink in color.
It can grow in neutral or alkaline soils, but it is important that they have good drainage and that it be watered frequently, avoiding waterlogging. Resists frost down to -15ºC.
Do you know other decorative garden trees?