Flowers in nature: What are they, types and importance

We will all agree that flowers have a special beauty. For this reason they are very popular for decorating homes, gardens, streets and parks. Some we may like more than others, but their importance goes far beyond aesthetics. We will clarify this fact by talking in this article about the importance of flowers in nature.

So that we can fully understand it, we will also explain what exactly are flowers, what different types exist and what are their functions and importance in nature.

What are flowers in nature?

Flowers in nature are the reproductive structure of plants

Before talking about the importance of flowers in nature, we must first understand what they are. It is basically a structure whose main objective is the reproduction of its species. They generally have a very pretty, colorful and striking appearance, which makes flowering vegetables highly decorative elements. Nature has done it this way on purpose, because the great attraction of flowers not only attracts us, but also many insects and birds that help spread pollen and flower seeds, thus favoring the reproduction of plants. .

It should be noted that the flowers have different parts, depending on the sex to which they belong (male, female or hermaphrodite). These are the most important:

  • Sepals: They are leaves whose function is to cover and protect the flower when it is still very young. When it blooms, the sepals stay below.
  • Petals: They can have different shapes and colors. Its function is to attract pollinators, such as bees. However, there are some flowers that do not have petals. These are called apétalas.
  • Gynoecium or pistil: It is the female part belonging to the flower. It houses the ovules that generate the seeds after being fertilized. The pistil is shaped like a bottle and is made up of three parts. The upper one is the stigma, where the pollen enters. The bottleneck would be the style and then comes the ovary, which is where the ovules are found.
  • Stamens: The stamens are the male part of the flower. They are filaments that support the so-called anther, which is the organ responsible for producing and storing pollen grains. These pimples are the male sexual gametes.

What types of flowers are there in nature?

When it comes to differentiating the different types of flowers in nature, it is important to note that plants can be divided into two large groups: Angiosperms and Gymnosperms. The latter are mainly characterized by not producing flowers. They are generally more primitive than the former and reproduce mostly by spores. A good example for this type of vegetable would be Ferns.

Flowers in nature: What are they, types and importance

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