Red, as well as lilac, are two colors that we can find relatively easily in nature. And in addition, they are also one of the ones that we humans like the most, or at least, one of the ones that most attracts our attention. Apart from that, it must be said that They can be very useful for creating areas of special interest in the garden or on the patio.because we can start from the basis that when we have a plant with red or lilac flowers, the eyes will be directed to them.
So if you would like to get that effect, i’ll tell you what some of the prettiest red and lilac wildflowers are. And it is that, although it is true that there are many ornamental plants that produce flowers of that color, I think that it is worth cultivating some wild species, sometimes mistakenly called false grasses, to take care of the fauna a little.
Poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
We start with what is probably the best known of all: the poppy. This is an annual herb that reaches about 50 centimeters in height, and develops pinnate green leaves. Its flowers sprout from a terminal stem in late spring.. They measure about 2-3 centimeters in diameter and have petals that fall off quite easily.
Although its exact origin is not known, it is it is thought that it may be on the Eurasian continentas well as in North Africa. Unfortunately, it is seen less and less, probably due to urban growth and all that this entails (loss of green areas, construction, pollution, etc.).
amaranth (Bloody amaranth)
Pigtail is an annual herb that reaches a maximum height of 1 meter, rarely 2 meters. The stems tend to grow upright, and from them sprout green leaves with a diamond or oval shape. The flowers sprout in elongated reddish inflorescences.. It blooms in summer.
Its origin is in the Americas.
Nasturtium (A larger trophy)
La capuchina It is an annual herb that usually grows as a creeping plant, or climbing a little on other larger ones. The leaves are round in shape, and measure about 5 centimeters in diameter. In spring-summer it produces yellow, orange or red flowers..
It is native to America, but in Spain it is not only widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, but has even become wild.
Borriquero thistle (Onopordum acanthus)
El borriquero thistle it is an herb that can be annual or biennial depending on the climate (if the fall and winter are warm or mild, the better chance it will live two years instead of one). It can reach a height of up to 70 centimeters, developing an erect stem well protected by thorns. The leaves, also spiny, are bluish-green. It blooms during the summer, producing an inflorescence technically called a chapter, which is rounded. The flowers themselves arise from the upper part of said inflorescence, and are lilac in color.
It is found wild in almost all of western Europe. In Spain, we will see it a lot in the Mediterranean region, growing on the margins of roads and on rather dry land.
Reed (Phragmites australis)
The reed is a perennial and rhizomatous herb that reaches a height of up to 4 meters. Its stems are thin and from them sprout lanceolate bluish-green leaves. Y in spring and summer an inflorescence sprouts with small dark red flowers.
It is a grass that grows near water courses, such as lagoons, rivers and others. It is native to the temperate regions of the world.
The purple pea is an annual herb that reaches a variable height, between 30 and 100 centimeters depending on the conditions in which it lives. You should also know that it has two types of leaves: the lower ones are simple, while the others are made up of two lance-shaped leaflets that measure up to 6 centimeters in length. It develops very thin and branched tendrils, and its flowers sprout on reddish and violet peduncles.
Its origin is found both in the Mediterranean region and in the Canary Islands. It usually grows on roadsides and in vacant lots.
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)
The carnation is National flower of Spain. It is a perennial plant that usually grows between 40 and 60 centimeters in height, with the wild varieties being smaller than the cultivated ones. The leaves are linear, bluish-green in color and have an entire margin. Flowers sprout from a terminal stem in spring and summer.and can be of very different colors: pink, white, orange and of course red.
It grows as a wild plant throughout the Mediterranean. And in Spain we find it in the Iberian Peninsula.
bee orchid (Ophrys apifera)
La bee orchid It is a perennial plant about 30 centimeters high whose leaves sprout from a tuber that grows underground. Towards the end of summer these leaves sprout forming a rosette, and in spring it blooms, producing a flower stem with lilac flowers.
It is native to the Mediterranean region, but we also find it further north, in the Caucasus.
peach (Persicaria embracexicaulis)
Persicaria is a perennial herb that reaches a height of about 30 centimeters. Its leaves are lanceolate, with a very marked main or central nerve. Its flowers appear in midsummer and continue to do so until autumn, and are pink or red panicles..
It is not an autochthonous species from Spain, but from the Himalayas, China and Pakistan. But despite that, considering her beauty, I knew we had to tell you about her.
Quinoa (chenopodium quinoa)
La Quinoa it is an annual herb that reaches a height of 3 meters, and that develops leaves with varied shapes, green in color. Its flowers are panicles that can reach 50-60 centimeters high. These are composed of numerous lilac-reddish flowers. It blooms towards the summer. The seeds can be consumed without problem, once cooked, or ground, if you want to make bread with them.
It is a species native to America, specifically from the Andes. Being a plant with edible seeds, which also contain essential amino acids, and which, as if that were not enough, are considered suitable for those intolerant to gluten, it is currently also grown in Europe.
Do you dare to grow some of these red or lilac wild flowers?