Spain is lucky to be a country where there are several different climates, and even more microclimates. This makes it possible to grow a wide variety of the world’s plants, with flowers being the most beloved. And it is that the Spaniards, if there is something that we really like to do, is to decorate our houses with floral vases and/or with little plants that produce showy flowers.
But, where are (more) flowers grown in Spain? Which communities are the main producers? Well, if you are curious to know, then I am going to answer that question, but also, I will tell you some of the native species of this country.
Where do we find the main flower growers in Spain?
Plants that produce ornamental flowers, such as the carnation or the geranium, are the favorites of the Spanish. But to find out where they are grown the most, we have to go to the mediterranean region.
There they enjoy a temperate climate with hot summers and mild winters, with the occasional frost. In addition, the relative humidity is very high due to the influence that the sea has on the region, so that the plants can grow at ease.
Now, we cannot forget the Canary Islands either. In this archipelago the climate is even more benevolent, especially at low altitudes, being able to grow tropical and subtropical plants almost effortlessly.
But if you want where more are grown, here is the list:
- Andalusia: Specifically, it is in Cádiz and Seville where they are grown the most, with carnations and carnations being the favourites.
- Canary Islands: as the climate is much milder, here they take the opportunity to grow chrysanthemums, strelitzias, and other flowers, such as rosebushes.
- Catalonia: In this part of the Mediterranean region bulbous plants from temperate climates are grown, such as the gladiolus or the lily, as well as other plants such as the carnation and the rosebush.
- Murcia: Carnations are mainly grown here, but also gerberas or chrysanthemums, or even bulbous such as gladiolus.
- Valencian Community: Rose bushes, gerberas, carnations, lilies, chrysanthemums, lisianthus and others are grown.
But although many plants that are destined for cut flowers are from other countries, the truth is that here we have several species that are really precious. Do you want to know which ones? Check out:
Wild flowers of Spain, the most beautiful
If you are curious to know what they are, then we are going to tell you their names so that you can learn more about the flora of Spain:
Poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
La poppy It is an herb that, in fact, we find in Eurasia and North Africa, and not only in Spain. But even so, you should know that although there are white flowers, the most common in our country is the red one. It lives only a few months, during which it germinates, grows, flowers and after producing seeds it dies. It reaches 50 centimeters in height, and blooms in spring.
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)
The carnation is National flower of Spain, where it grows on the Iberian Peninsula. It can reach up to 50 centimeters in height, and blooms from spring to summer. Its flowers measure about 3 centimeters, and are red, white, yellow, pink and sometimes bicolor.
wild gladiolus (The common gladioli)
The wild gladiolus or rooster comb as it is also called, grows in the Mediterranean region, to be more exact, in the east of the Iberian Peninsula and in the Balearic Islands. It reaches a height of approximately 30 centimeters, making it the smallest Gladiolus variety. Its flowers are a beautiful lilac colorand measure about 2 centimeters.
St. Robert’s grass (Geranium Robertianum)
La st robert’s herb It is an annual or biennial plant that grows in the humid regions with calcareous soil in Europe, and of course in Spain. Reaches a height of 40 to 50 centimetersand its flowers are small, about 2 centimeters, and lilac.
bee orchid (Ophrys apifera)
La bee orchid It is a terrestrial plant native to the Mediterranean region that reaches a height of 50 centimeters. It develops an underground tuberculous root, which serves as a food reserve during the summer, when it is at rest. Blooms in springproducing flowers that do indeed resemble bees.
Blue immortal (Limonium sinuatum)
La immortelle blue it has many other names: statice, immortelle of sands, capitana. It is a plant native to the Mediterranean that lives for several years, reaching a height of up to 45 centimeters. Blooms during summer and falland it does so by producing bluish flowers.
red tagine (Echium of wild value)
El red tagine It is a biennial plant endemic to the Canary Islands that draws a lot of attention when it blooms, during its second year of life. In doing so, produces a huge inflorescence, which can exceed 50 centimeters in lengthand which is made up of numerous coral-red flowers. Of course, you should know that it grows on rocky terrain with perfect drainage, which is why in cultivation it should be planted on land that does not easily flood.
I hope you liked what we have told you about flowers in Spain.