It is possible to grow the chrysanthemum in pots or in the ground. There are at least 200 species of chrysanthemums that differ from each other by time and type of flowering, by posture, and by life cycle. Many varieties of chrysanthemum are suitable for growing in pots and others are suitable for the soil. They can give splendid flowers even in the cold months, when the rest of the vegetation is at rest. Requires very little care and can be grown in terrace pots or garden soil to create incredible views that everyone can appreciate
Chrysanthemums, or mums, are a staple in fall gardens. Chrysanthemums are a national symbol of autumn abundanceand this hardy herbaceous plant is an easy addition to bring a gorgeous pop of color to your fall garden. With a little knowledge and a few simple tips, you can have a lush, beautiful fall chrysanthemum garden to help celebrate the change of season. First cultivated in China more than 6 centuries ago, this type of plant was initially cultivated as a herb associated with the power of life.
Where to plant chrysanthemums
Chrysanthemum can be grown in full sunbut in areas where the summer is particularly hot and muggy, it is preferable to place the chrysanthemum in the shade. The ideal temperature for chrysanthemums is between 15 and 25 ° C and during the winter months it resists temperatures of up to 4 ° C well.
These plants bloom for a long time, from the second half of summer to fall frosts, depending on the variety. The flowers are flower heads, which vary in size (3 to 15 cm), shape (simple, semi-double or very double) and color. They are grouped in clusters called corymbs and come in all shades except blue.
What is the best time to plant chrysanthemums
The best time to grow them is in spring. Ideally, chrysanthemums they should be planted early in the season after danger of frost has passed. However, they can really be planted at any time, as long as the roots have at least 6 weeks to establish before extremes of hot or cold weather.
How are they planted?
Young chrysanthemums can be grown as houseplants or in the ground for cut flowers. They can also be grown in pots and put under cover in the fall to keep them blooming. Cut them out and store them when they have finished blooming, as you would with other types of spring plants.
Chrysanthemums are the perfect addition to any balcony, porch, deck or patio, and are perfect for growing in pots. SIf you grow them in pots, they are usually annuals to give them a little color in the fall. With chrysanthemums you don’t have to be so fussy about the container you choose. The most important thing is the land in which the plants are grown. So you can choose a small pot that you can fix directly on your balcony if you want it to be located next to the railing, or place it on a small table next to your outdoor living area, whatever suits you.
The material is also up to you. Some potting materials can absorb water more effectively, But again, chrysanthemums are very low maintenanceso there is not much to worry about this. When you are ready to plant your chrysanthemums, you will need to add potting compost, and mix in some sand to improve drainage.
On the ground
Choose an outdoor location that receives 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight each dayalthough some shade is fine. Chrysanthemums thrive in the morning sun, so try to plant them where they get enough light. It is important that the soil is rich and well drained. As chrysanthemums do not like to be always wet, make sure the soil drains well and there is enough air circulation. Provides plants with shelter from the wind.
These flowers prefer a mild temperature, so if you live in a windy place, provide some protection for the plants. If you’re not sure the soil drains well, dig a 20-inch deep trench with a shovel. Fill the hole with water and wait 15 minutes to see if it drains completely. If you don’t, you are not draining well. You can cover the soil in which they are planted with a layer of mulch.
The mulch layer does not have to be thick, but it should completely cover the soil. They must be separated by a distance of 45 to 60 cm. If you are planting more than one plant, make sure there is enough room for the roots of each one to grow. To know where to place them, you can measure with a tape measure to know where to place them correctly.
Water container-grown plants regularly in summer and apply a liquid compost from late spring. But yes, stop feeding them as soon as the flower buds begin to open. When they reach about 20 cm in height, clamp the growing point to encourage the formation of lateral shoots. In this way, more flowers will be obtained. Trim single-flower chrysanthemums to focus the plant’s energy on producing new flowers. If you want it to have a single stem, you will only have to remove the side shoots.
In gardens, early-blooming semi-rigid chrysanthemums can be cut down to the ground in fall and allowed to overwinter in the garden. If you don’t want to, you can remove them and re-plant them in the greenhouse or at home to keep them blooming. Another option is to trim them for winter storage.
Late blooming chrysanthemums should be potted with a compost or universal substrate and grown in a sunny spot outdoors in summer. In late summer, move the plants to a cool room in the house at around 10 ° C and wait for the flowers to open. Don’t let the plants dry out.