Since humanity began to grow its own plants, it has always been selecting those that give better quality and greater quantity of fruits or those that had a greater resistance to pests and / or diseases. Currently, thanks to the particular »boom» of ornamental plants, much importance is also attached to the selection of the most beautiful specimens.
For that, specimens are hybridizing to obtain even more striking species. But how do they do it?
Before getting into the subject, let’s see what the word “hybrid” means. Well, this word you have surely heard or read in various places. It is a being that comes from the cross between two species belonging to the same or different genus (which is identified by the first word of the scientific name of the plant). For example, we could cross the Almond (almond tree) with the Prunus cerasifera (cherry) to obtain a Prunus with characteristics of both almond and cherry. For a particular level, these crosses are the easiest to do, but if we had the right material we could cross two different plants, of course, belonging to the same family.
This time I am going to advise you on the first ones, that is, on how to make your own hybrids the easy way and without complications.
For this you need to know the scientific name of the two plants what do you want to cross. If the gender is the same, all you have to do is wait for both to bloom. Once the flowers are wide open, with a small brush or with a swab from the ears, pass it through one flower, and immediately afterwards through the other. To increase the chances of success, you can put the two plants in an unventilated room, and carry out this action.
If it is palm trees or trees of a considerable size, what is usually done is, after having pollinated the flowers, cover the flower cluster with a bag transparent until we see that the fruits are ripening.