Citrus oranges

The orange trees They are some of the fruit trees that are most cultivated in orchards: their beautiful white flowers, their long dark green leaves, their size, and of course, their delicious fruits make them incredible plants. And it is that, in addition, a single specimen produces so many oranges that it can feed a family without having to acquire more.

But I am not going to deceive you, for that it is necessary to provide them with a series of cares so that the harvest is excellent. Would you like to know which ones are they?

Citrus oranges

Citrus oranges

Orange trees are evergreen fruit trees whose scientific name is Citrus. They are native to China and Indochina, and grow to a height of about 7 meters, although if the care is really good and they are not pruned, it can exceed 9m. To have them perfect, it is recommended to grow them in a warm climate, where the minimum temperature is -4ºC or higher, and provide them with the following care:

  • Location: full sun. They must be placed in an area protected from the winds, especially from the saline ones.
  • Soil or substrate: they grow without problems in clay soils. But if we have them in pots we have to use substrates that have good drainage, such as 60% mulch or compost + 30% perlite + 10% volcanic clay (to put as the first layer, inside the pot).
  • Irrigation: frequent in spring and summer. It is recommended to water every 3-4 days, soaking the soil well.
  • Subscriber: it is very important to pay them. We will use organic fertilizers, such as sheep manure or bat or penguin guano. It is also very interesting to fertilize with seaweed extract fertilizer for its richness in nutrients, but it should not be abused since it is very alkaline.
  • Pruning: every 3-4 years, towards the end of winter, cleaning the center of the trees.
  • Pests: leaf miners, mealybugs, spider mites and whiteflies. To prevent them, during autumn-winter it can be treated with insecticidal oil, and during the rest of the year with Neem Oil or paraffin oil.
  • Diseases: they can be infected by fungi such as Phytophthora, or by viruses or similar, such as the sadness virus or psoriasis. To avoid them, you have to avoid overwatering, and do preventive treatments during spring and autumn with natural fungicides, such as copper or sulfur (if you have pets, keep them away from them as they are toxic products for them).

Orange blossoms

orange blossoms

Take care of your orange trees by following these tips, and enjoy an excellent harvest .