Characteristics, care and varieties of the apple tree

Discover everything about the apple tree

The plants are important elements in the life of any organism that lives on earth, something that is easily explained by the amount of contributions and resources that they give us.

The life of plants is equivalent to the life of many of us who live on earth today and is that the moderately pure air that we can still breathe It is the proof of this, even likewise, a large part of the food that we have, such as apple fruit, can also illustrate this idea in a more concrete way.

apple tree care

apple tree care

For this, many people have dedicated a large part of their lives to plants, through both studying and maintaining them. Even the animals themselves, trained or not, know the importance of their lives, therefore, it is possible to observe how many species tend to possess behaviors that protect and preserve life of these organisms.

The area of ​​medicine is perhaps one of the most benefited within everything that we are commenting on and that is that many of the products that are used today to give rise to the solutions that are applied in response to many diseases, are extracted from all kinds of plants, some being possessing useful and vital nutrients for their development.

Among the many plants, trees and shrubs that exist, in this article we will talk about the apple tree, a tree that allows certain derivations to be made from its mere name.

We will provide you with information about their characteristics, their care and pruningoffering the user all the elements that he needs to have a better notion of the implications when having an apple tree, so we will start with some basic information about this plant.

Apple tree characteristics

It is a tree of a considerably tall height and about 10-12 meters. It is a deciduous tree, defenseless with open branching and crown, with a set of branches that make up a large part of its body. The leaves of this plant are petiolate, oval in shapewith a more or less rounded base and its edges are green. Like many plants, the leaves of these tend to emanate a pleasant aroma when squeezed.

Your flowers can show something sensitive to strong frost that precede spring, so it is advisable to condition this tree to methods that protect it against hostile temperatures, one of the most typical being anti-frost irrigation.

Despite this, the apple tree can cope with temperatures of up to about -10 degrees Celsiuswhich, despite being able to bear, can cost you some flower buds. For its growth, the minimum temperature is seven degrees Celsius, the maximum being about 35 degrees, with a ideal range for your growthwhich consists of 18 and 24 degrees Celsius.

Apple tree diseases

Apple tree characteristics

Apple tree characteristics

The apple tree is prone to suffer a large number of diseases, therefore, we are going to present here the most frequent ones, which are usually explained by the presence or invasion of a bacterium or fungus, followed by the plague of some insects and among the best known, we have the following:

  • Fire blight disease.
  • Aphids
  • Mildew

Apple tree varieties

We know the apple tree, but we do not know the fruits that this tree offers, avoiding the fact of the distinction that exists between its fruits. Here we present some of the variations that occur in this fruit.

Granny group

Within its aspect to be highlighted, we can talk about its green skin and its acid color and among the most popular, we have the Granny Smith, equally acidic and with a very particular green tone, however, its acidity and color should not confuse us, since they are fruits considered exotic.

Fuji Group

Its color is dull red, which leans towards the darker red, however, its flavor is still the most pleasant and its conservation and hardness are not far behind either. Among the many varieties, most of these belong to the Fuji group.

Galas Group

Here we can find a variety of colors, which range between red and yellow, although it must be said that red apples are the predominanttherefore, they end up replacing the other types, however, we remember that their appearance does not have to determine their flavor and in this sense, their quality, being able to highlight the Mondial Gala, Galaxia, Royal, Buckeye, etc.

Golden Group

As its name indicates, its skin is yellow, here we can find variations such as Golden supreme, Golden delicious, Golden smoothieetc., these being one of the most difficult to find on the market due to their appearance, something that makes them one of the most exotic and sought after by the public itself.

American Reds Group

Here the color consists of a very interesting pigmented red color, among the best known, we have the Starking Delicious, however, this species is practically disappeared.

Pruning the apple tree

Pruning the apple tree

apple tree pruning

Pruning is important, especially when the apple tree is in the young stage and this is done when there is a need to eliminate branches infested with insects, diseased or, in any case, dead.

When it reaches its adult stage, it is recommended prune them no more than once a yearwhich will be enough for it to receive prudent levels of solar projection, as well as a good passage of air through it.

The apple tree is a very familiar tree and this is due to its fruit in particular, which is used throughout the world for various purposes, most of these gastronomic, although sometimes inclined to the cosmetic area or others. Its characteristics are not the most particularHowever, this is not a reason to say that this tree is not unique in its species, many of today’s potential fruit consumers appeal to this class of organisms, since despite its simplicity, the apple tree variety It is one of the most peculiar in the world, being the rarest and increasingly important types and is requested by the public.

Characteristics, care and varieties of the apple tree

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