January is not a month that stands out for the great activities that take place in the orchard given the low temperatures there are. However, it is a key month for planning your garden and preparation for the next few months.
What can we sow and plan in the month of January?
Most relevant activities
Due to the cold weather, the activities carried out in the garden during this month are scarce. But they can be important for the organization and preparation of the garden for the coming months and future plantings.
It is important to plan what seeds we have, get more seeds and go thinking when they are going to plant.
Once you have in mind everything you want to plant in the coming months, when the temperatures are a little more pleasant for vegetative growth, we can move on to designing the plots and crop rotations. In addition, we can fertilize the plots that we have empty to increase the amount of nutrients available in the soil.
If we have plants currently planted, it is important to take care of them in these moments of low temperatures so they don’t die from the intense cold. When we prepare the land for the plots and if time permits, in a short time we will be sowing the new crops.
Therefore, with the limitations that we have due to low temperatures, the most relevant activities that we can carry out are preparing the new seedlings, protecting them from the cold and eliminating weeds that are near the crops to avoid pests. .
We can also carry out maintenance tasks on crops that we have already planted, eliminating the superficial crust that causes the rains. We will do this without going too deep into the earth so as not to over aerate the soil and cause a loss of nutrients that will not be available for our crops later.
Regarding the planning for the crops and sowings of the next months, we can go arranging the seedbeds and drawers, Stock up well with containers and flowerpots and with all the seeds that we are going to sow.
Protect our plants
Due to low temperatures and frost, our crops can die. To protect them there are different ways of acting. The first is to cover the plants that we have with remains of dry leaves, pine needles, etc. To reduce the surface exposed to humidity and lower temperatures. We can also use padding about 5 or 10 cm thick.
In the case of snow, it is better not to remove the snow, since it protects the crops from the cold and the wind.
Most of the crops that are sown during the month of January are those of the crops that we will have throughout the summer.
It is important to know the area in which we live, since, depending on it, we must plant with specialized seedbeds. If it is in areas with very cold and continuous frosts, it is better to use heated or sheltered seedbeds. The most cold-sensitive seeds such as tomatoes, zucchini and eggplant will go in the heated seedlings. In the protected seedbeds will go those that better withstand frost such as celery, lettuce, endives, spring cauliflowers and cabbages.
In warmer areas it is not necessary to use this type of seedbed. We can even sow garlic, carrots, radishes and potatoes directly into the ground.
Although it is cold and frosty, in January you can also continue to harvest some foods such as: Swiss chard, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, lettuce, endives, radishes, turnips, leeks, endives, carrots, spinach, watercress and artichokes.
We can plant three types of crops: those of the whole year, the typical ones of spring and those of sowing of autumn and winter. Among the first we find spinach, beets, parsley and chard. Among the latter, some such as pepper and tomato. And in the last we find peas, beans and onions.
With this information I hope you can plant and keep your garden in its best condition.