Fennel is a popular plant in many parts of the world, especially in Europe and North America. This plant has large, fragrant flowers and is known for its spicy, slightly aniseed flavor. Fennel is used in both cooking and traditional medicine, and is an easy plant to grow in most climates. And best of all is that we can plant using fennel bulbs.
Fennel bulbs are easy to grow and require little attention. They can be planted any time of the year as long as the ground is not frozen, and they prefer a location with plenty of sun and proper drainage. Once established, fennel bulbs can thrive for years without much care. In addition, this plant is resistant to most pests and diseases, making it an easy choice for beginning and experienced gardeners alike.
How and when is fennel planted?
Before explaining how to plant fennel bulbs, first it is time to clarify what bulbs are and why they are so advantageous when growing a vegetable. Well, the bulbs are an organ belonging to certain plants which is used to reproduce and propagate said plants. While some of them are modified stems, others are usually a type of thickened roots. Although the structure is different, all the bulbs fulfill their purpose: It stores food so that the plant can survive during inhospitable seasons and seasons and, consequently, be able to grow in the seasons that follow.
When a bulbous plant reproduces, a new bulb grows from the original bulb. This usually occurs when the leaves of the plant turn yellow and die, indicating that the plant is preparing for winter. The new bulbs grow in the soil around the original bulb and, once they are large enough they can be separated and planted separately.
It is therefore not surprising that these plant organs are a popular way of reproducing plants. due to their ease of cultivation and the fact that they can be stored for long periods of time no need for care. Some common examples of bulbous plants include onion, garlic, hyacinth, tulip, and fennel.
What are bulbous plants
As for fennel bulbs, they can be planted at any time of the year, As long as the ground isn’t frozen. However, the most common is to plant them in the fall, when temperatures begin to drop. This gives them plenty of time to establish themselves and grow over the winter and flower the following spring.
If you plan to plant your fennel bulbs in the fall, it is important to do so. before the temperatures start to drop too much. This usually means planting them a few weeks before the first frost. This way, the bulbs will have plenty of time to establish themselves before winter.
On the other hand, if you decide to plant your fennel bulbs at another time of the year, make sure the ground is not frozen and there is enough water to keep them moist. It is also important to ensure that they will get plenty of sun during their growing period.
How to plant fennel bulbs step by step
Now that we know when to plant fennel bulbs, let’s see how to do it. Step by Step:
- Location: Choose a spot with plenty of sun and adequate drainage to plant your bulbs. Fennel needs at least six hours of direct sun a day to thrive.
- Preparing the terrain: Remove all weeds and harrow the soil to aerate it. Mix a small amount of compost o fertilizer in the soil to provide nutrients to the bulbs.
- Place the bulbs: Place the bulbs in the soil to a depth of about three times their size. Be sure to space them far enough apart so that they can grow without a problem.
- Irrigation: Water the bulbs after planting. Be sure to keep the soil moist, but not soggy.
- Patience: Wait for the fennels to grow and flower. Fennels take a few weeks to germinate and can take up to a year to flower.
The time it takes for fennel to grow depends on many factors.such as the temperature, the soil, the amount of light and the care it receives. However, in general, it can be said that it takes about a year to grow and flower, if it is well cared for, of course.
For, harvest fennel, follow these steps:
- Wait until the flowers are past their peak bloom and are drying up.
- Cut the flowers and leaves using scissors or a sharp knife.
- Let the flowers and leaves air dry for a few days.
- Store the dried fennel in a cool, dark place until you are ready to use it.
It is important to remember that fennel it is most fragrant and best tasting when properly harvested and dried. It’s also a good idea to rotate the flowers and leaves every few days to ensure they get fresh air and prevent damage.
When are the fennel bulbs harvested?
Fennel bulbs are collected after the plants have died and dried out completely. This usually occurs in late summer or early fall.
To carry out this task, you first have to remove all the leaves and dry stems from the plant. You then have to use a shovel to dig around the bulb and carefully lift it out of the ground. Clean the bulb of any remaining soil and let it air dry for a few days. Store the bulbs in a cool, dry place until you are ready to plant them again.
It is important to remember that fennel bulbs should be stored in a cool, dry place to prevent them from rotting or drying out too much. It’s also a good idea to rotate them every few weeks to ensure they get fresh air and prevent damage.
I hope this information helps you grow strong and healthy fennel bulbs!