Flowering and non-flowering plants: Differences and examples

There are many plants with flowers and without flowers that are ideal for decorating the home

The botanical world offers us a wide range of different plant species. From gigantic trees to small herbs, through flowering and non-flowering plants. Of these two types there are precisely a large number of species that are very popular to decorate interior and exterior spaces. A good combination between only green plants and others with flowers of different colors can beautify our environment considerably.

In this article we will talk about the differences that exist between flowering and non-flowering plants, in addition to putting 9 examples of both types. If you are interested in the subject and want to beautify your home, I recommend that you continue reading.

What are the differences between flowering plants and non-flowering plants?

Flowering and non-flowering plants differ in how they reproduce

Flowering and non-flowering plants differ in the way they reproduce.

Apart from the obvious difference that flowering plants have flowers and non-flowering plants do not, there is another aspect by which they are distinguished. The main difference between flowering plants and non-flowering plants is the way they reproduce. While the former do it sexually, spreading their seeds through the wind and insects, the latter do it asexually.

But what is asexual reproduction? It is one in which various parts of the plant participate. Normally, these plants are able to grow when we only plant a piece of the stem, a branch or its roots. From that piece, a completely new organism begins to develop, but just like the parent.

What plants have flowers all year round?

It is very common to plant, grow and care for plants throughout the year waiting for spring to arrive to see how they bloom. But did you know that there are plants that have flowers throughout the year? Yes that’s how it is. This is because some plant species have great resistance to low temperatures, which allows them to bloom in other seasons of the year such as autumn and even winter. Since we will expose 9 examples of flowering and non-flowering plants, let’s see which ones have flowers throughout the year.


The joys you have flowers of different colors

Joys have flowers of different colors

Among the flowering plants, alegrías stand out. They are very colorful and brighten up any home, which is why the names come in handy. They require a lot of light and do not support air very well, so it will be necessary to look carefully where to place them so that they do not spoil. As for watering, it should be moderate, but avoiding the soil from drying out. We can find alegrías in different colors such as red, white or pink in different shades.


The penta blooms throughout the year

The penta blooms throughout the year.

Another year-round flowering plant is the penta. It is a shrub that has small flowers that can be white, pink, lilac or red. These are grouped in fluffy and beautiful clusters, making this plant a perfect decorative element for the garden. The penta can reach a height of 60 centimeters. Regarding the care, it does not require much. Normally it is enough to water it three times a week and provide it with good drainage.


Geranium is very popular

Geranium is very popular

Without place to doubts Geranium is one of the most popular flowering plants for decorating balconies and terraces. This is not surprising, since it provides beautiful and colorful flowers throughout the year and is easy to care for, as it is very resistant. During the hottest months you have to water it almost daily and add a little compost once a month to provide it with the minerals, vitamins and nutrients necessary for the geranium to flourish.


Among the flowering plants is the verbena

Among the flowering plants is the verbena

Although verbena mostly blooms from late spring to late summer, it can flower throughout the year if the right conditions are maintained. This pretty and colorful plant constantly needs sun and moderate watering every day, it does not matter if it is in the ground or in a pot.


Purslane has medicinal properties

Purslane has medicinal properties

Purslane is a succulent plant that is not only used to decorate the home with its beautiful yellow flowers, but also it also offers numerous medicinal properties. It has a great resistance and blooms all year long as long as the temperature is pleasant. It should receive a little direct sun and irrigation is recommended twice a week.

African violet

African violet needs a lot of light

The African violet needs a lot of light.

The African violet also offers us flowers throughout the year. This houseplant it needs a lot of light to be able to grow and develop. In summer it is advisable to water this vegetable three times a week, while in winter it will be enough to water it once every two weeks. In addition, it is advisable to apply a fertilizer every 15 days so that it blooms better.


Lavender is a plant that is multiplied by cuttings

Lavender is a plant that multiplies by cuttings

Lavender couldn’t be missing from this list of plants that bloom all year round. This is one of the best known due to its aroma and its use in various cosmetic, hygiene and household products. Apart from its fragrance, lavender is also characterized by its beautiful violet flowers. Regarding the care, this plant requires two weekly waterings and a monthly pruning for good maintenance.


The carnation is a flowering plant all year round

The carnation is a plant with flowers all year round.

Calvelina is another plant that has flowers throughout the year, either in a pot or in the garden. This precious vegetable mixes different colors, which provides a lively and cheerful touch in our home. To take good care of it, it must be in the sun for at least six hours a day. It is also important to water it once a day.


Begonia is a plant with large flowers

The begonia is a plant with large flowers.

We finish this list with begonia, a beautiful plant with large flowers of different colors. In order for it to flower well all year round, we must place it in a well-lit area and water it moderately. Also the compost should be moderate every two weeks. Otherwise, we could damage the plant.

What are the plants that do not have flowers?

As we have already mentioned above, the main difference between flowering and non-flowering plants is how they reproduce. Those that do not have flowers do so asexually. Since they do not have any reproductive organs, they are not capable of producing fruit or seeds. Another particular feature of this type of vegetable is that they tend to have a fairly intense green hue. In addition, in the case of ferns, plants without flowers have strong stems and large leaves that favor the absorption of nutrients. Within the plants without flowers we can distinguish several groups:

Bryophytes or mosses

First we have the bryophytes, also known as mosses. As they do not have conductive tissues, these types of plants without flowers They feed directly on dispersed particles found both on land and in water. Due to their lack of conductive vessels, each of the cells that make up these plants has to individually come into contact with water and light in order to photosynthesize. For this reason it is very common to associate mosses with humid places with little light. The number of bryophyte species is very high and they form colonies on rocks, on land and in water.


Related article:

What is moss and how can I use it to decorate?

Pteridophytes or ferns

Ferns are very popular flowerless plants

Ferns are very popular non-flowering plants.

Other plants without flowers are pteridophytes or ferns. Unlike mosses, ferns do have conductive vessels through which sage circulates. In addition, its size is greater than that of bryophytes. The reproduction of pteridophytes takes place through spores and they normally inhabit humid environments. Thanks to its wide variety and resistance, ferns are one of the most popular species to decorate both indoor and outdoor spaces.

Anthocerotophyta or anthoceros

The anthocerotophyta, also called anthoceras, They are non-vascular plants without flowers native to the tropics, although today they can be found anywhere in the world. They have a flattened, leaf-shaped body, also known as the thalamus. The structure of the hornworts is long and cylindrical. Their habitat is usually aquatic, humid and shady environments.

Equisetos or horse tails

Equisettes, known as horsetails, are also non-flowering plants. These have rhizomes and can be up to a meter tall. They have herbaceous, articulated and branched stems. Regarding their reproduction, they have a structure called the strobilus that is composed of scales that keep the spores. Once they have matured, they open up. Horsetails prefer moist, nutrient-rich soils. It is for this reason that it is very common to find them on the banks of ditches and in growing areas.

Equisetum arvenseEquisetum arvense

Related article:

Horsetail, exceptional plant for wet gardens


Along with hornworts and mosses, liver plants are part of non-vascular non-flowering plants. They are characterized by being of medium size and have a varied coloration that helps them to photosynthesize. They generally grow in a wide variety of places, such as rocks, ravines, trunks, and tree branches.

9 examples of plants without flowers

Next we will see a list of the nine most common and easy-to-find non-flowering plants both in nurseries and florists:

  • abies pinsapo
  • Adiantum hair-spring
  • Araucaria heterophylla
  • Blechnum humps
  • Cycas rolled
  • dicksonia antarctica
  • Equisetum sylvaticum
  • propagating through a pine forest (Pinus halepensis).
  • sequoia sempervirens

Now that you already know some examples of flowering and non-flowering plants and what their main differences are, it only remains to plant them and take care of them properly so that our garden or our home is more beautiful and cheerful. Plants, whether they have flowers or not, always look great.

Flowering and non-flowering plants: Differences and examples

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