Within the world of bonsai, there are many easy to care for beyond those found in supermarkets (which are easy, except for the Ficus, they have nothing). Such is the case of the almond bonsai, one of those indicated for beginners that is very easy to obtain.
But How to take care of an almond bonsai? If you want to have one and you do not know what the main care of this tree is, then you have to read this that we have prepared for you.
How is the almond tree
The almond tree is characterized by being one of the most used in dry climates and with a lot of sun. And that despite the fact that its origin is from Central Asia. Today it has spread to many regions of the world, being present above all in the south of Spain.
Scientific name Common tonsilThis tree is deciduous and fast growing. Has a white and light wood that makes it resistant to water and can reach 10 meters in height. It does not tolerate frost but it does tolerate heat.
As for its leaves, they are wide and have long petioles. In addition, the flowers, between white and pink, are the most beautiful (rivaling those of the cerezo). It always blooms in the months of January and February (although some are earlier).
Finally, we have the fruit, which is harvested in August, September and Octoberalmonds, which are rich in calcium, iron and protein.
And as bonsai? To have a bonsai almond tree it is necessary to have a seed or almond cuttings or pre-bonsai. This can reach a meter at most, although the most beautiful are those that are smaller. They go through the same phases as a normal almond tree, blooming (in this case much smaller flowers) and in some cases giving small almonds.
Almond bonsai care
After seeing some of the main characteristics of the almond tree, it is time to learn how to care for an almond tree bonsai. In general, it does not require great care, but it is important to know them to know how to make it develop healthy and that it does not give you complications (and it does give you joy).
If you want your almond bonsai to be well and happy where you put it, you must bear in mind that it needs a lot of sun. Much.
They are trees that even in miniature, they require several hours of direct sunlight, which is why you should consider such a site. In fact, if you put it in partial shade or shade, you will notice that the leaves languish, and that they will also fall off and there will be fewer of them.
That’s why, even if it’s a bonsai, it is better to place it outside, and not inside. Of course, away from air currents that can affect it.
As we have mentioned before, almond trees do not tolerate frost. Now, that does not mean that you are going to die from living a frost, far from it. LAlmond trees are very resistant trees and, once they adapt to their environment, they can tolerate cold and even frost.
However, in the case of a bonsai, they are more delicate and must be protected if temperatures drop too low to prevent the roots from suffering, above all.
almond bonsai he is not one of those who has problems with the earthbecause the truth is that it adapts to everything. but if you really want to keep it healthy, it is best to do a combination of soil and drainage, such as akadama and kiryuu or akadama and pomice.
You must bear in mind that the The pH of this tree must be between 5,5 and 8,4.
Watering an almond bonsai does not need to be abundant, quite the opposite. Almond trees tolerate a lack of water very well. In fact, when you abuse irrigation too much, it can end up negatively affecting it.
Therefore, it is best that water it once a week in summer and every two or three weeks in winter (in some cases it can also be watered monthly).
Actually, what will make you know when to water is the soil. If it dries out very quickly you will have to water it and then wait for it to dry, and once it is like this, wait 1-2 more days to water it again.
Almond trees are always fertilized during their growing season, which is when they most need nutrients to develop. Normally, they are used small balls or pellets that decompose in the ground and giving the nutrients little by little.
In general, you should bear in mind that it must be paid once a week or every two weeks. In winter, it will have to be every 2-4 weeks.
Here we must explain that there are two different pruning, on the one hand that of the branches; and on the other that of the roots.
The pruning of the branches must be done always before it blooms (and keep in mind that this is done between January and February). Therefore, it is recommended to carry it out in late autumn or early winter.
When cutting the branches, you should start with those that look dead or harmful, and then continue with those that intersect. Of course, be careful with the branches with buds, since these can indicate that they are going to bloom soon.
With regards to root pruning the almond bonsai is one of the ways that many have to reduce the size of the pot (and make them smaller while maintaining the same structure). Yes, you have to Be careful because if we go too far with it, the branches can dry out. Therefore, when the almond tree is older, you have to be more careful.
Almond bonsai pests and diseases
Although the almond bonsai no major pests or diseasesyou do have to take into account some problems that will be related to the risk or the lack of sun.
In some bonsai shops they also have pre-bonsai almond trees that are ready to be converted into bonsai. In addition, they are not too expensive and save you a few years of development.
Do you have doubts about the care of almond bonsai? Ask us.