When to collect plum? | Gardening On

plum tree

The plum tree it is one of the most cultivated fruit trees in all temperate regions of the world. Its rapid growth and frost resistance, as well as its high production, make it one of the most loved plants in orchards.

Its fruit, the plum, has a delicious flavor, and is so nutritious that if your stomach starts to complain, you can have it as a snack and feel much better. But, When is it collected?

Origin and characteristics of the plum

Prunus domestica with fruits

Prunus domestica with fruits

The plum, whose scientific name is Prunus domesticais a deciduous tree native to southern Europe belonging to the genus Prunus. It is characterized by reaching a height of 7 to 10 meters, with lanceolate and serrated leaves 10cm long by 4cm wide. Its growth rate is fast, starting to produce plums from 6 years after planting.

It blooms in spring. Its flowers are white, about 2 centimeters in diameter. The fruit is a somewhat globose drupe, reddish, yellowish, greenish, or bluish-black depending on the variety and / or cultivar.

Plum types

There are many varieties, such as:

  • Rose: it is a variety larger in size than others, which produces plums with a great color variety.
  • load: it is a variety that produces bluish-black plums, almost lilac.
  • Claudia: produces greenish plums.
  • Stanley : it is a medium-sized and very productive variety. It produces very dark red and bluish plums.
  • red beauty: it is an early variety, which produces red plums.
  • angeleno: it is a vigorous tree, but somewhat slow. It produces bluish-black plums.

Importantly, there are varieties that need adequate pollinatorsso it will be necessary to inform yourself well in the nursery before buying one so that there are no unpleasant surprises later.

What are the care of the Prunus domestica?

Plum blossoms are white

The plum blossoms are white.


Once you have your tree, you must plant it outsidein an area where the sun shines directly, and at a distance of about 5 meters from walls and other tall plants.

Its roots are not invasive, but it is necessary to leave enough space for it to develop normally.


Act quickly. water it frequentlyespecially during the summer, since it does not resist the drought. The frequency will vary depending on the climate, but in general it should be watered three times a week in the hottest months, and somewhat less the rest of the year.


  • Flower pot: use substrate for urban garden (for sale here!).
  • Garden: grows in fertile soils, with good drainage.


With a regular fertilizer from spring to summer, you will get it to have a large amount of fruit. Thus, it is highly advisable to pay it with organic fertilizerssuch as horse manure or worm castings, applying a layer of about 3cm around the trunk once a month.

Pruning the plum

The plum is a fruit tree

The plum is a fruit tree

The pruning of the plum tree can be winter or also what is known as spring-summer pruning or green pruning. Both are different:

  • Winter pruning: or structural pruning. It consists of that pruning that will shape the tree. You have to cut those branches that are growing too much, those that intersect, and also those small and pointed shoots that come out of the trunk. Likewise, the suckers, that is, the shoots that come out from almost the base of the plant, should be eliminated.
  • Spring-summer pruning: It consists of eliminating the branches of previous years that are not useful, and in cutting those that measure more than 40 centimeters in order to get lateral shoots.

Always use pruning tools previously disinfected with pharmacy alcohol.


Plum multiplies basically by T-grafting during the fall or springon another plum, or on almond, nectarine, blackthorn, peach tree or apricot.

View of a lemon tree with grafted orange treeView of a lemon tree with grafted orange tree

Related article:

What are grafts and what are they for?

Another way to get new specimens is by sowing their seeds in autumn or by cuttings under fog.


The fruits of your tree will be ready to be picked from May to September, depending on the variety you have purchased. As soon as you see that by shaking the branch a little, one of them falls without difficulty, you can take them and enjoy their flavor.

In any case, it is very important that you know that the plum tree requires between 500 and 1000 hours of cold per year to achieve good productivity.


It is a fruit tree that resists cold and temperatures of up to -8ºCbut it is hurt by late frosts.

What uses is given to Prunus domestica?

Prunus domestica 'Queen Victoria'

Prunus domestica 'Queen Victoria'

It has several uses:

  • Ornamental: the truth is that it is a very beautiful tree, ideal for large and small gardens, and even for -large- flowerpots. It looks great as a single specimen or in groups.
  • Culinary: without a doubt, it is grown above all for its plums, which are edible. They can be consumed as soon as they have been picked from the tree, in desserts, and to make jams.
  • Medicinal: its fruits, in addition to being delicious, are consumed above all to combat and prevent constipation. In addition, they can be used as part of a weight loss diet.

What did you think of the plum tree?

When to collect plum? | Gardening On

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