Types of eggplants | Gardening On

types of eggplants

There are times when we see fruits, vegetables, plants and flowers in a certain way. But the truth is that they can be different thanks to the varieties. In the case of aubergines, when we think of them, a somewhat elongated shape and plumper at the bottom and purple in color comes to mind. But, Do you know that there are different types of eggplants?

If you like them then this topic interests you because we are going to talk to you about other varieties that are not so well known in the marketbut they exist. Thus, you could be encouraged to try any of them.

what is eggplant

what is eggplant

what is eggplant

Before talking about the types of aubergines, let’s learn a little more about this vegetable. Its scientific name is Solanum melongena and it is from the same family as tomatoes, potatoes or peppers.

Es originally from Asia, specifically from the most tropical and subtropical zone and it is known that it was cultivated at least since 800 BC. Although it is now cultivated in many countries, including Spain, those with the highest production are those of China and India.

Physically, the eggplant is characterized by being a fleshy berry that can have different shapes (not only the elongated ones that we know), as well as different colors, from white, purple, violet, black… The weight of each one ranges between 200 and 300 grams.

How many types of eggplants are there in the world

How many types of eggplants are there in the world

How many types of eggplants are there in the world

To answer that question the only number we can say is actually one word: many. And it is known that there are many types of aubergines, but there is not a specific and complete list of all of them.

What does exist is a classification that groups them by their shape. Thus, we can find:

elongated aubergines

They are characterized by having a very long and thin shape. In almost all of them you can see a small curvature.

They are dark purple in color and weigh between 150 and 250 grams. They can be white, striped with violet and white, striped green, yellow, red or green. There may even be different shades.

They are not very well known in the market and in fact it is hard to believe that they are really aubergines.


They can also be oval, and many do not have a perfect round shape. Are they weigh 300-400 grams, although there are times that they can be even twice as heavy.

As for their colors, the vast majority of them are dark purple or black.


In this case they are vegetables that they are neither elongated nor rounded or oval but have an “interesting” shape. Actually, they are the ones we see on the market, dark purple, almost black, and they are long (but not much) and chubby in one area, thinner in another.

There is a fourth classification in which striped or striped aubergines are included, that is, those that have spots or lines of a different color. For example purple and white, green and white eggplants, etc.

They weigh up to 300 grams and are more difficult to grow because they take more time. But they do produce quite a few vegetables.

They are the ones that we sometimes find in the markets, with a shape practically the same as the usual ones.

Types of eggplants you should know

Types of eggplants you should know

Types of aubergines that you should know

Now that you know the classification and the fact that there are many types of aubergines, we don’t want to leave the subject without telling you about some of the lesser-known but very curious varieties. These are:

White aubergines

Have you ever seen a white eggplant? Well yes, it exists. In fact, they are grown in Bages, Barcelona, ​​and they are completely white, smooth and oval.

They have a much sweeter flavor than the traditional ones and are grown in less time (hence they come out white).

indian eggplant

Another curious eggplant is the Hindu. They are between violet and purple but it is striking because They look like chubby grapes, of a much larger size.


As we have told you before, there are elongated aubergines and this variety specifically can reach 22-24 centimeters in length. About 6 cm wide, it is violet or orange, sometimes streaked with white.

Murcian eggplant

It is characterized by having an oval shape. Furthermore, unlike other types of aubergines, it is pale green and has a calyx that practically covers the entire vegetable.

black round

As its name indicates, the aubergine is black and round, and can reach 300-600 grams for each one. It is dark purple, practically black.

Why does it stand out? Because it has a very active production but, above all, because It is one of the largest you will find.

japanese eggplants

These, unlike the previous ones, they are actually very small, like some Indians. However, they are so tender, including the skin, that they are eaten with it.

As for their color, they are usually dark purple.

Eggplant Pink Bianca

If you are one of those who does not like aubergines because they are bitter or have a strong flavor, with this you will make up for it. And it is that it has a soft pulp and nothing bitter, quite the opposite.

Its name is due to the color it has. Is small, rounded and practically pinkish violet in color with hints of white. In fact, if you see it, it will not look like an eggplant and it is very tasty.

Palermitan eggplant

Also known as Tunisian, it is a rounded black vegetable. This color is much more intense than in other varieties of aubergines.


Yes, don’t be surprised by this name because it is his. It is characterized by being black or very dark purple with a white neck. It is rounded and slightly oval.

Round of Florence

This, as its name suggests, is round and slightly acidic. Its color tends to be a light violet or light purple.

We could be telling you about the types of aubergines much longer, because there are so many varieties that if you are curious you will want to try them all. These are among the best known, and surely there are some that few know or have tried in their lives. Have you eaten any “rare”? Tell us.

Types of eggplants | Gardening On

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