Do you like artichokes? If so and you have a small garden to plant them, I recommend that you learn to reproduce them. One of the most recommended methods for its quick and simple technique is multiplication by cuttings. This type of reproduction is one of the most used in agriculture, as it can be applied to many different plant species. But in this article we want to explain how to plant artichoke cuttings.
We will briefly comment on how this vegetable can be reproduced and then we will explain how to do it using cuttings and when is the best time to carry out this task. So do not hesitate to continue reading if you want to multiply your artichoke plant! You will see how it is something very simple but effective.
How to reproduce artichoke?
When it comes to multiplying the artichoke in our garden, we can buy new seedlings in a garden store or directly in a nursery, or use the plant we already have to get more of these vegetables. In this second case, There are different methods that we can use to reproduce the artichoke:
- Seed multiplication: In recent years, this type of multiplication in commercial cultivation has increased. The reason is that ideal artichoke varieties have appeared to multiply them by seeds. In addition, this cultivation system has been improved. However, it is not the most recommended for fans.
- Multiplication by suckers: This method is more suitable for urban gardens. You simply have to cut the shoots that appear on the bush and plant them, ideally in the months of February and March.
- Multiplication by meristems: It is a professional technique that is used to avoid health problems and plant degeneration. The specimens obtained from this method are normally used as mother plants when multiplying artichokes.
- Multiplication by cuttings: The multiplication by cuttings is what interests us in this article. It is the method most used by professional farmers, and it also happens to be very safe. It consists of cutting a piece of stem or root to plant it and grow a new plant. This technique is the most recommended for gardening enthusiasts, since it is very simple. We discuss it in more detail below.
How to plant artichoke cuttings step by step
Once we are clear that we want to reproduce our artichoke plant through cuttings, it is time to get down to work. Let’s see step by step how to do it:
- Cut the cuttings: To get a cutting we must cut a piece of the mother plant, either from the stem or from the rhizome. It is important that this piece contains at least one yolk, although it is preferable that there are two or three.
- Impregnate the base of the cuttings with rooting agents (optional): Although it is true that the use of rooting agents is not essential, it is highly advisable. By impregnating the base of the cuttings with liquid hormones, we will favor their rooting.
- Plant the cuttings: Once we have obtained the cuttings, it is time to plant them in the ground, nothing to put them first in water as it is done with other plants. The best thing to do is to place them first in a seedbed, so we can protect them in the event of significant weather changes. When the seedling reaches a certain size, it can be carefully transplanted into the vegetable garden.
- To water: Lastly is irrigation. It is important that the substrate stays moist, but without flooding it.
It sucks, right? But before you start with this task, we better highlight a couple of things. In order for the artichoke cuttings to develop correctly, it is best to prepare a well-aerated substrate that is rich in humus and organic matter. Ideally, add a little coarse sand to make it more porous and some compost so that moisture is better maintained.
In general, artichokes do not need excessive fertilization. In fact, mature compost fertilizers are already sufficient, and we must avoid guano and manure at all costs, since they don’t like anything. While it is true that this plant generally adapts well to various types of soil, cuttings should be planted in deep, loose, well-drained soil. It should be said that clayey soils do not suit them at all.
Some research and studies of horticulturists recommend using treatments with rooting to achieve a correct development of the artichoke cuttings. If we treat them with growth regulators that are of the auxin type, we will be able to considerably increase the percentage of success in terms of root formation. In addition, the creation of roots is accelerated and their quality increases. The use of this little help is very simple: Before planting the cuttings in the substrate, we must impregnate the base with the rooting agent. Of course, be careful when handling these products and not ingest them accidentally.
The best homemade rooting agents for your cuttings
Generally, synthetic chemical materials that tend to give better results when it comes to stimulating root formation They are ANA (acetic naphthalene) and IBA (indole butyric) acids. Over a wide range of concentrations, these two products are non-toxic and highly effective.
When are artichoke cuttings planted?
Now that we know how to plant artichoke cuttings, we must take into account when to do it. The best time to carry out this task is in spring and summer. In cold areas, it is best to plant between March and April, while in warmer areas it should be done between July and September. However, thanks to scientific advances and modern techniques, reproduction by cuttings can be done at any time of the year, as long as we provide favorable environmental conditions for the plants.
As you can see, planting artichoke cuttings is a very simple task that we can do in our garden without any problem. Of course, we must provide the necessary care so that we can harvest its delicious fruits. If you are not entirely sure about the needs of this vegetable, here! Do you have a grow guide?