Characteristics, benefits and types of custard apples

several green custard apples with their leaves on top of a table

Custard apple it is a fruit with great nutritional properties80% of its content is water. It is an antioxidant, rich in fiber, vitamins A, B, C, and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, iodine, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, and sodium, and is produced in the fall and winter seasons.

It is sweet, with juicy white flesh, its scaly green skin and inedible seeds. The tree with the scientific name Annona cherimola is small, reaches up to eight meters in height and it comes from Peru and Ecuador, being a fruit that has been exported to other continents with a subtropical climate, being Europe where it is most cultivated and Spain the main producer in the world.

Features

custard apple split in two where its seeds can be seen

custard apple split in two where you can see its seeds

The also called custard apple grows slowly, its trunk is short and thick and of extensive ramifications with velvety leaves.

It should be sown in dry climates, developing in temperatures above 22 ° degrees and below 28 ° degrees. It must be watered frequently to avoid damaging its roots and every three years it is necessary to prune it to facilitate its growth. Once the collection is done (it is by hand) the harvest must be protected, as it quickly softens.

Pests

Fortunately there are few pests that affect it, especially the mealybug and fruit fly, both of which affect the stems, fruits and skin. As for diseases that can cause tree rot, lack of vigor and death of its roots.

Benefits

It is a fruit with numerous properties and benefits for infants, children, pregnant women (after medical consultation), older people and even athletes can enjoy it in various preparations, creams, purees, ice creams, juices, compotes or jams to accompany meals.

It is easy to digest and due to its high fiber content, it prevents constipation, colon cancer and helps a good intestinal transit. It also contributes to the functioning of the defenses, growth, central nervous system and muscular.

Helps those suffering from anemia by absorbing iron. The calcium it has helps those who suffer from decalcification or osteoporosis, it helps to strengthen the memory of students and the elderly. Its contribution of vitamin C avoids the “iron deficiency anemia“.

Cherimoya is ideal for eliminating fluids, so it is recommended in weight loss diets and in diabetic patients whose consumption normalizes sugar levels. Due to the valuable contribution of potassium, it controls the heart rate and blood pressure, while the low sodium content controls hypertension.

It is also calming, reduces fatigue, depression and decay. Useful to control compulsive behaviors. In rural areas all its parts are used as natural medicine. Its seeds are crushed and mixed with ash for recipes against gout, migraine, kidney stones, lice and insecticides.

For four decades it has been using to prevent cancer. Not in vain is it recognized for its anticancer power, although it is not patentable since it is a natural resource; studies show its usefulness in the treatment of breast, prostate, liver, pancreas, stomach and lung tumors and its power is in the blade It contains acetogenins and acts like chemo.

According to a medical publication, cancer patients are affected by parasites that are toxic to the body, this being defenseless is when cancer cells reproduce rapidly. With an herbal therapy created based on this plant Playback was found to be completely stopped.

Type

A custard apple that is on the branch of a tree about to catch

A custard apple that is on the branch of a tree about to pick

Leovis: your skin has no bumps, no marks.

firm: the fruits are large and rapidly evolving and their skin has holes.

sweet potato: small and pointed bumps. The fruits are tasty, medium-sized and with many seeds.

tuberculata: its fruits are of late ripening and medium size.

mammillata: similar to pineapple, their skin is smooth, large, tasty and aromatic.

Cherimoya cannot be kept for long and should be treated with care because your skin is sensitive to the touch turning black easily. It is not recommended to keep it in the refrigerator as it does not ripen and if you want to eat it cold you have to put it in the fridge for just a few minutes.

Characteristics, benefits and types of custard apples

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