Persimmon is a fruit tree that many of us – myself included – are in love with. It is one of those that looks beautiful all year round, perhaps less in winter when it has lost its leaves, but it also looks good in any garden. In addition, it tolerates pruning, so if you don’t have where to plant it you can always work it as a bonsai … or get one.
Its maintenance as a tree in a tray is equally simple, but it is important that you keep certain things in mind so that problems do not arise later. So that, let’s see how persimmon bonsai is cared for.
El khaki, known as rosewood or kaki, and whose scientific name is Khaki Diospyros, it is a deciduous tree native to China but naturalized in Japan and Korea. It has a more or less straight trunk that exceeds 25 meters, and a wide crown composed of green deciduous leaves (except in autumn, which turn red) up to 18cm long by up to 9cm wide.
The flowers, which bloom towards the end of summer, can be female or male. The male ones have a white, yellowish or red corolla and measure 6-10mm; the latter are solitary, and have a yellowish-white corolla and the calyx is about 3cm in diameter. The fruit is a globose berry 2-8,5cm in diameter, orange to dark red in color, and inside we find dark brown oval seeds.
Persimmon bonsai care
Now that we know how the tree behaves and what we can expect from bonsai, it is time to learn how to care for the little tree grown in the tray:
- Location: outside, in full sun.
- Substratum: 70% akadama with 30% kiryuzuna or previously washed river sand.
- Irrigation: frequent. Every 1-2 days in summer, and every 4-5 days the rest of the year.
- Subscriber: in spring and summer. If you intend to consume its fruits, use liquid organic fertilizers, such as guano, following the instructions specified on the package; otherwise, use specific bonsai fertilizers that are low in nitrogen.
- Pruning: pruning must be done at the same time as the transplant, at the end of winter. Remove dry, diseased, or broken branches, as well as those that intersect and those that are out of the design.
- Wiring: in spring and summer, be careful as the branches are quite fragile.
- Transplant: every 2-3 years, in late winter.
- Rusticity: it resists frosts down to -7ºC.
Enjoy your persimmon bonsai!