Having and caring for a bonsai is a challenge and at the same time something incredible. And it is that they are delicate, we are not going to deny it, but when you see that year after year it gets better, it gives you joy. So until you get big bonsai.
However, Do you know how to take care of these? How are they different from other types of bonsai that you find more easily in stores? Next we are going to give you all the keys so that you have it clear and know what type of bonsai we are referring to.
Types of bonsai according to size
If you are a bonsai fan, you may know that there is a classification of these miniature trees according to their size. If not, right now we tell you.
And, the usual size that you know and see in stores is only one of many that there may be. Specifically, these:
This name is the one that encompasses large bonsai. Really, the largest size there is.
They are characterized by have a height of more than 130 centimeters, yes, almost like the size of a person. Now, they are very rare to see, as well as very expensive. And his care is enough to keep him in the best condition.
Only collectors and the wealthy are capable of having such a bonsai.
They are big bonsai, but not as big as the previous ones. These They reach a size of between 60 and 120 centimeters. They attract a lot of attention and, although they are delicate and you have to be aware of them, they do not require as much care as the others.
In this case the height of the bonsai is between 30 and 60 centimeters. Like the previous ones, they are not easy to find but you can see these in particular in specialized bonsai stores.
They are cheaper and more basic care (although they have their peculiarities).
They go from one height from 15 to 30 centimeters. These are easy to find and also easy to care for. In specialized stores they are the specimens that look more expensive, but also with better care.
This is the name given to the bonsai that sell in stores, supermarkets… Also in places specialized in bonsai. Their height is between 15 and 25 centimeters and they are very easy to care for. compared to the first.
They are mini bonsai, because They don’t even measure 15 centimeters. Unlike others, they are more difficult to care for (despite being smaller) and require good technique and knowledge to keep healthy.
These are very hard to find (as is the case with hachi-uye) because They don’t even measure 5 centimeters. They are also complicated to care for and not valid for anyone.
How to care for large bonsai
On this occasion, we are going to focus on the care of large bonsai, the hachi-uye and the omono.
In Japan, these trees, especially the first ones, they are considered bonsai-style trees, while in the West they are called garden trees.
Location and lighting
These types of large bonsai are not to be kept indoors, but rather its ideal location is outdoors. Also, keep in mind that, due to their size, they are very difficult to move, sometimes even requiring a crane to do so.
They require sunlight Normally, and depending on the species, directly. They are even grateful if you place them in an area where there is a little wind.
Watering large bonsai is not as complicated as it is with others. These are able to endure a week without watering, everything will depend on the climate they are in.
In general, they are usually watered every 5 days, but it is not difficult to water them because they do not need much. This is due to the advantage they have due to their height, since they are more similar to the needs of a “normal” tree than to those of a bonsai.
The transplant is not usual. It has to be done every few years, of course, to to be able to renew the soil and also change the pot if the one you have has become too small. But due to its size it is quite complicated.
In fact, on the Internet you can see some videos in which a transplant of a hachi-uye and how laborious this is.
The wiring of a bonsai consists of directing the branches of that tree so that they create a beautiful set. However, in the case of the hachi-uye this is quite problematic, especially since the branches themselves offer a lot of resistance and wiring them can be complicated for one person.
To the previous difficulty you must add that it has a dense bowerwith which you have to be very aware that the plant can breathe on all sides, clarifying the center so that the sun reaches all parts of the plant.
In general, they are trees that tolerate severe pruning well, but you have to be high above to prevent it from getting out of hand or being affected by diseases or pests.
Yes, necessary, especially in the months of activation of this bonsai. In fact, as time goes on you may need more to make up for the nutrients you no longer have in the soil.
The subscriber can be through the soil or liquid in the irrigation water.
Plagues and diseases
With regard to pests, we must say that they are much more resistant than other types of bonsai, and they are so because they are larger and have a more tree-like bearing than what we can consider “bonsai.
Even so, you have to be careful with them, since They can end the health of these living beings, or cause permanent damage.
As for diseases, here there are more problems. Being in a pot and depending on its caretaker, it is more prone to problems due to excess or lack of water, light, subscriber… Hence, you have to keep an eye on it almost constantly.
As you can see, large bonsai are spectacular. But having to be very aware can make it difficult. And to that we must add that they are not cheap at all. Would you dare to have one like this at home?