All about growing clivia … – planting, care, photos, how to grow and harvest

  • Clivia: home care
  • Diseases and pests of clivia
  • How do clivia reproduce?
  • How to plant and transplant clivia?

Clivia – a magnificent unpretentious houseplant. It has belt-like leathery leaves, large flowers, up to 4 cm in diameter, collected in an umbrella inflorescence. The inflorescence is formed at the top of a straight, strong stem emerging from the leaf axil. An adult plant on this flower stalk can form up to 30 flowers. And on one plant up to several flower arrows can form.

The genus Clivia is small, consisting of only three species. Clivia are starting to bloom in February, just when the bright colors of flowering are so lacking. It has a highly developed root system, the damage to which, as well as the loss of leaves, is very painful.

To date, many different varieties of clivia have been bred, with flowers of various colors. The flowers are light and dark red, all shades of orange and yellow. Clivias bloom depending on the variety – in spring, summer, even autumn, and with careful care they can bloom twice a year.

Clivia: home care

What kind of care does clivia need? Clivia is definitely a shade tolerant plant, but for optimal development and flowering, they need light, but out of direct sunlight. The best option is western windows.

In the summer, the plant can be taken to the balcony or garden, without direct sunlight on them. From November to about March, plants need to be kept at a temperature 8-12°C (glazed loggia – the best option). As soon as the flower arrow appears, immediately transfer the plants to a room with a higher temperature.

In summer, water the clivia as the earthen clod dries out. Watch out so that the water does not stagnate neither in a pot nor in a tray. It is better to under-water the plant than over-water it. Excessive moisture leads to root rot.

From the time when the peduncle reaches 10 cm and the buds become noticeable until the beginning of August, water the plant often. From August, gradually reduce watering, and minimize by winter.

To keep it blooming regularly, clivia care includes rest period. Young plants should rest for two months starting in September. The older the plants, the longer they should rest.

In early September, keep watering to a minimum (you need to water only so that the earthen ball does not completely dry out) for all plants. Just make sure that the plant does not lost leaves. If the leaves begin to lose turgor, immediately increase watering. During the dormant period, the ambient temperature should not be higher than 10-12°C.

If in the spring clivia did not bloom, then the reason is the non-observance of the rest period (coolness and dryness). If the peduncle appeared, but “froze” in place, then at the end of the dormant period the plants were “overexposed” in coolness. In this case, water the clivia with warm, heated to 40 ° C, water. If, after flowering, the children are not separated, then after a few years the plant forms more than 10 peduncles. replant plants you need it when you find that the roots have completely filled the pot, and even appeared in the drainage holes. Side shoots with 4-5 leaves, separate from the mother plant and plant them in small pots with nutrient soil. Young plants will bloom for 3-4 years.

feed the clivia needed from spring to late summer. Alternate full mineral and organic fertilizers every two weeks.

Diseases and pests of clivia

If turn yellow all or most of the leaves, this is a signal that the frequency of watering clivia at home is not correctly selected. Either there is not enough water, or the process of root rotting has begun. Also, the reason may be the impoverishment of the soil, the clivia turns yellow from a lack of nutrition.

If it’s been a long time clivia not blooming, perhaps the pot for her was chosen too large. It increases the vegetative mass, after which it will definitely bloom. The high temperature in the room can also be the reason that there is no flower in the clivia.

Rusty narrow stripes on the leaves signal a fungal disease. Treat affected areas with fungicide immediately.

If the leaves are covered brown spots style=”font-weight: 400″> – be aware that clivia is affected by insect scale insects. When the leaves are twisted and leaf plates dry up, we can talk about mealybugs. In both cases, the plant must be wiped with a soapy sponge and treated with an insecticide solution.

Never forget disinfect sections!

How to breed clivia?

Clivia reproduces by seeds and vegetatively (separation of children). You can separate the children during plant transplantation. The baby is ready for “independent life” when she has at least four leaves. Plant separated children in pots with a diameter of 7 cm. Water them very sparingly. After 2-4 years, the “young” clivia will bloom.

To get seeds, during flowering you need to spend cross pollination. If pollination is successful, fruits are formed – large green berries, which eventually become orange-red. Full ripening of berries will occur only 10 months after formation. A sign of ripeness – soft berries. But keep in mind, the seeds ripen on the plant, then it is greatly depleted and may not bloom in the coming years.

Sow the collected seeds immediately, in mixture of peat and sand. Planting depth 1 cm, distance between seeds 2 cm. Cover the container with crops with glass or film, water and ventilate regularly.

The first shoots will appear in a month and a half. As soon as the first true leaf is grown, the seedlings are planted in separate pots or in plastic cups. As they grow, replant the plants, but rather roll over into large pots. In the fourth year, send the plants to a dormant period. In early autumn, stop watering, and keep the plants cool for two months. A third of the plants will bloom in the spring.

How to plant and transplant clivia?

Clivia endures the transplant quite painfully. Often, after transplantation, the roots quickly rot. Therefore, we do not recommend replanting plants often, and if they do, then with great care, and it is better to transship. Adult plants are recommended to be transshipped immediately after flowering, and carried out once every two or three years. Young – transship annually.

In years when transplantation is not carried out, update the top layer soil (5 cm). Clivia prefers a slightly acidic loose earth mixture. The optimal mixture should consist of soddy soil, compost and peat, in a ratio of 2:1:1. For young plants, add some sand. Drainage is also required.

Clivia need to be planted cramped potso that the roots barely fit in it. Large capacity can have a negative effect on flowering. When planting, do not bury the root neck, otherwise the lower leaves will rot. Here are the rules for caring for clivia at home.

Published: 22.09.2016

All about growing clivia … – planting, care, photos, how to grow and harvest

3 thoughts on “All about growing clivia … – planting, care, photos, how to grow and harvest

Leave a Reply

Scroll to top

Discover more from DIY Gardens

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading