Seeds and seedlings. Planting, care and propagation of plants

In this lesson, you will find information about seeds and seedlings of flower crops, as well as other basic knowledge for the serious gardener.


How to choose sunflower seeds

If you really enjoy cracking sunflower seeds, then it might be worth a try. grow up this plant is in your country house, in the garden or even near the house. As you know, seeds that are sold in bags in stores and supermarkets are not always of high quality and good taste, often processed harmful substances. And in your garden you will definitely grow an environmentally friendly, healthy and tasty product.

Today you can buy seeds sunflower in gardening stores, on layouts, as well as in our online store. Often a beginner is lost with a choice, because the range is very wide and every year breeders bring out new varieties. Let’s try to understand this issue a little.

For industrial purposes most often used hybrid varieties, because they are homogeneous, ripen at the same time, the plants themselves have the same height and basket diameter. Also, the seeds are divided into early, mid-early, mid-season and mid-late. Often hybrids are planted in the same field, which ripen in different ways. Thus, you can easily harvest without unnecessary loss of grain. If you want to plant a sunflower near your home or country housethen pay attention to early and mid-early varieties, as well as hybrids. These varieties ripen fasterand you will definitely get your harvest.

When you buy seeds, be sure to pay attention to important indicators. Humidity seeds should not exceed ten percent, in the package only three percent of the seeds can be purified, purity variety – 98 percent. As well as seed germination style=”font-weight: 400″> should be very high.

What do sunflower seeds look like?

Sunflower seeds are small seeds black or grey-black. Form – oval, sometimes slightly elongated. They consist of the peel and the grain itself. Easily cleaned. Inside – a seed of white or beige color. The size can be from ten to 200 millimeters, it all depends on the particular variety. Ripe in different summer time. The seeds are produced by the sunflower plant. use for the preparation of sunflower oil, peeled seeds can be eaten, and these seeds are often used for confectionery production. From them you can cook gozinaki, halva and other sweets.

How to plant sunflower seeds

If you are determined to grow sunflowers in your garden, then you need to choose seeds and plant

style=”font-weight: 400″> them. We have already told you about what types of sunflowers are, and now we will help you sow properly their seeds.

Firstlyit is necessary to choose the right landing place. Sunflowers are very fond of the sun, the place should be open. Minimum time exposure to the sun is six hours, otherwise your plant will not develop and grow. The plants seeds away from home, large trees, fences or buildings. SecondlyYou should definitely check soil for landing. Dig a hole measuring 60 centimeters and inspect it carefully. As known, roots sunflowers will go deep into the ground and can rot if the soil is very wet, swampy. If the soil, on the contrary, is very dry, then add a little sod land. Ideally fits rich loamy soil.

If you trained to landing, now you need plant seeds. Dig holes or trenches. Seeds are placed in the ground, the optimal distance between them is 15 centimeters, and the planting depth is 2.5 meters. If you have chosen large varieties, then the optimal distance is 35-60 centimeters. Now just bury your seeds and wait for the first harvest.

How to collect sunflower seeds

AT industrial sunflower seeds are harvested using combine harvester. But in the garden or in the country, it is often impossible to collect seeds in this way. Therefore, we will take a closer look at how to collect sunflower seeds if it Russian near the house, in the country or in the garden.

When the time comes, your sunflower starts to witherand the head will become brown. This means that you can start harvesting. But you need to prepare for this in advance. One of the popular ways to collect seeds without loss is to wear a special bag or package on the flower head. You can use a paper bag, as well as plain gauze. This method will protect the seeds from birds, and also prevent them from falling to the ground. You follow behind the package, it should not be wet, and also torn. If necessary change package, the seeds that have already fallen into it are removed in an airtight bag. When a flower leans down, fades, the petals dry and fall off, it means it’s time to harvesting. With a sharp knife cut off head of the plant and grab 30 centimeters of the stem. hang head at home for two days, you need to dry the plant well. Remember, bag or gauze must be on the head, otherwise you may lose the seeds. After a couple of days, you can start collecting seeds. Put the heads on the table, remove the bags, run your hand over the seeds, they should easy to separate. You can rub one sunflower against another. This is done until all seeds are collected.

How to clean sunflower seeds

AT industrial scale most often use special machines for cleaning seeds. Naturally, this method is not suitable for home conditions. The simplest way is peel the seeds by hand. Of course, it will take you a lot of time, but the seeds will be neatly and perfectly cleaned. Can be used to clean seeds mixer. Pour the seeds into a bowl and process them with a mixer for a couple of seconds. Then pour water into the bowl, the peel will rise up, and the seeds will remain at the bottom.

Flax seeds: benefits

Flax seeds obtained from a plant that can be easily grown near your home. For many centuries, flax seeds have been used in alternative medicine. Diet food is very popular oil from seeds. Also, they can be taken freshmost often passed through a coffee grinder.

Useful properties of flax seeds: with gastritis or ulcer often use kissel from flax seeds, with a sore throat it is better to use a decoction of seeds for rinsing. Linseed oil used to cleanse the body, in the fight against intestinal parasites, to normalize weight, as well as atherosclerosis. Sometimes oil is used in cosmetology, you can use it to make masks for the face and body, as well as lubricate the scalp.

violet seeds:

Violet – this is a very beautiful, delicate and attractive flower. They are very popular with florists, gardeners, and plant collectors. Today we will tell you how to grow a homemade violet from seeds. Of course, other methods of reproduction, such as division, are more often used. But growing from seed has its Benefits: You can observe the growth and development of your plant daily, and in this way you can get your own unique hybrids.

Where to get seeds? Today you can to order any seeds in the online store, but you can do it yourself withdraw seeds. The second way is difficult, but interesting. Transfer the pollen from the stamen to the pistil. After 10 days, a hybrid box will begin to tie. When the box is dry, cut off the flower with the box and place it in a dark place for two weeks. Then the fruit is opened and the filamentous seeds are taken out.

How to plant seeds? We take a wide plastic container and fill it with earth. Use a peat mix. Make grooves, pour the seeds into the grooves, before mixing them with sand. Seeds grow better in the light, you do not need to close the container with anything. Optimum temperature: +22 to +25. The seeds will germinate in twenty days. After that, you need to carefully remove them from the container and plant them in fertile soil. When the plants grow, transplant them into beautiful pots and enjoy the beauty of the violet!

Published: 03.10.2016

Seeds and seedlings. Planting, care and propagation of plants

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