- false nightshade: description
- nightshade false pepper care at home
- false nightshade photo
Nightshade (Solanum pseudocapsicum) – exotic decor for your home.
It is great for the winter garden and not only! Fruit nightshade of false-pearl bright color – first green, yellow, and then orange and coral red. They will compete with a shiny Christmas tree ball of the same colors. Other names: Winter Cherry, Jerusalem Cherry, Cuban Cherry, Christmas Cherry, Coral Bush.
Nightshade false: description
nightshade – It’s durable small shrub, which is grown outdoors in areas with warm winters, and in pots in cold areas. Let’s take a closer look at it. Nightshade is an evergreen, perennial plant. Bushy, with a trunk like a tree. He grows up tall up to 25-50 cm. The most popular undersized plants, up to 30 cm high. Nightshade has smooth stems. His leaves – small, glossy, pointed, slightly pubescent and wavy at the edges, dark green in color. Each leaf is up to 8 cm long and 3-4 cm wide.
flowers numerous, small, solitary, star-shaped. They bloom in mid-summer (mass flowering). But on the bush throughout the year you can find both flowers and fruits at the same time. Later, spherical or oval ones appear from them. fruits-berries. A plant in bloom does not attract attention, but when the fruits appear, it is impossible to take your eyes off it. The fruits ripen all winter, from late autumn to February March (although fruiting plants can be found from early summer to autumn). nightshade berries lozhnoperechnoe outwardly similar to cherries: they are shiny, about 1-2 cm in size. But they are inedible. They taste bitter and poisonous! On the bush at the same time you can find green, yellow and red berries. An impressive sight!
Nightshade false-pepper care at home
Winter Care. Nightshade is easy to care for, but you should remember some rules. Be sure to bring the pots indoors in the fall, before frost sets in. Because the plant thermophilic and the minimum temperature it can withstand is 10°C.
In winter (November to February) false pepper nightshade must be well kept illuminated place. The more sun – the more fruits on the bush! Temperature indoors throughout the entire period of fruiting should be low, within 10-15 ° C. But not higher than these marks, since warm and dry air will significantly reduce the fruiting period. Plants purchased in pots in late autumn or early winter do not need a transplant until mid-spring. To save the plants for the second season, you need to transplant them into pots one size larger (the best option is 13 cm in diameter). This should be done before placing them outdoors.
Summer Care. False nightshade can be stored on open air during the summer months. During this period, the plant needs water abundantly. In order to form a lush bush, the plant should cut tips. And in the spring – you need to significantly cut the entire plant.
In summer, the plant should be taken out into the open air. Location – sunny, but protected from the midday sun (from May to September).
Place plant pots in trays or saucers with wet pebbles. Same spray plants once a day (in dry weather or when they are indoors with dry air).
water the plant should be abundant and frequent. Soil should be damp to the touch. But at the same time, stagnation of water in pots should not be allowed. If the plant is to be kept for a second season, it should be given a “short dormant period” of about 4-5 weeks (just before moving it outdoors). During this period, watering should be slightly reduced (but do not allow the soil to dry out completely).
Fertilization plays an important role. A standard liquid fertilizer should be applied once every two weeks, except for a short dormant period.
nightshade usually not saved during the third fruiting. But it can be easily grown from seed.
Warning: All parts of the plant are poisonous. Bright berries are very attractive to children. therefore not worth buying false nightshade if there are children in the house!
Pests. Most dangerous pests for this plant, these are aphids, red spider mites and whiteflies. If you see sticky discharge on the tops of the buds, as well as on the branches, then most likely this is aphid. If the air in your house is dry, then you can notice the cobwebs on the leaves, which means that your nightshade is infected red spider mite. White and yellow spots on the leaves indicate infection whitefly. Treatment consists in treating the plant with a soapy solution or washing under warm water. If after this the plant continues to hurt, then you need to process it insecticides.
Nightshade transplant. A plant transplanted immediately after cutting. Pick up a beautiful flowerpot for the plant, put it on the bottom drainage layer. Expanded clay or broken shards will do. Pour on the drainage layer soil mixturethe soil must be fertile. Perfect option – This is a mixture of leafy, soddy land, as well as peat land. The planted plant needs water abundantly, and most importantly – choose a bright and warm place. In two weeks you can feed the plant.
Nightshade false-pearl photo